Blog #5: Countering Neo-liberalism and Corporate Global Domination

May 15th, 2011

In our globalised world much is made of the neo-liberal corporate dominating establishment. The hegemonic institutions that dominate markets through the use of technology; subsequently, shrinking borders and redefining national sovereignty. Economist  Peter Evans argues that, “transnational connections can…be harnessed to the construction of more equitable distributions of wealth and power.” Simply put that globalisation does not have to be dominated by neo-liberal policy, that other entities can challenge such hegemony by utilizing the very same tools. He refer to it as “counter-hegemonic globalisation” and we can see evidence of it occurring all around the world.

Labor historian and BBC analyst Paul Mason speaks about a “youth revolt” in which young activist utilize technology in order to counter global corporate policies that hinder social advancement. Last January we saw young Egyptians conduct a “facebook revolution” to end dictatorship in that particular country. The movement, however, didn’t stop there. It spread throughout the middle east. The use of social media allotted the spread of activism to a global level. Such networking can now allow activist to pinpoint where the challenge can be most effective. It would allow groups that have similar grievances to connect in order to counter the established corporate advantage.

In the modern world it seems that such networking is essential in order to maintain any real sense of democracy. In order to perpetuate any kind of productive discourse, it would be best to connect with other people around the world. For example if labor unions in America are concerned with loosing jobs “over seas” to much cheaper labor, perhaps organizing or networking with laborers abroad could strengthen their cause. Evans gives us examples how labor unions are already doing this. He also calculates for non market movements such as environmental activism and humanitarian efforts such as feminist movements that are aimed to stop unfair treatment towards women.

In short in order to counter globalism you must use globalism. A global connection of such a magnitude provides a way to effect global markets that are dominated by TNC’s, impact political leaders that support their policies and connect with others in order to engage in debate from afar, such debate that may have an impact locally.

Note on ‘culture jamming’

May 13th, 2011

Regarding yesterday’s advice to look for examples of culture jamming, let me modify the instructions: the goal is to examine the “public commons” in which you travel on an everyday basis.  Is there evidence of resistance to the “commodification of the commons,” such as “culture jamming,” or not?  If not, find evidence of the “commodification of the commons” in your world.

Material for the last blog posting deadline – 5/17

May 13th, 2011

You may write about any two items from the long list below:

Paul Mason on global youth protest, “Towards a Politics of Solidarity,” Opening Plenary, Left Forum, 3/18/2011.

“Dubstep Rebellion – The British Banlieue Comes to Millbank,” (Paul Mason) BBC Newsnight, 12/9/1010.

* Interview with Naomi Klein, author of No Logo and The Shock Doctrine, (“The Persuaders,” Frontline, 2004)

* “Meet the Yes Men, the Political Satirists Who Punked GE,” (Tina Dupuy) The Atlantic, 4/22/11.

Recommended: Ch. 54, “Counterhegemonic Globalization: Transnational Social Movements in the Contemporary Political Economy,” (Peter Evans) pp. 444-450.

Recommended: “Chevron’s $50 Million Ad Campaign Gets Crushed,” (The Yes Men) Yes Lab.  Read story and check out links. and “The Yes Men Fix the World” (2009) – 1) Play trailer 2) Read story (click “Story” in header)

Recommended: “France Will Not Repay Haiti Reparations,” The Lede Blog, New York Times, 7/15/2010. The Canadian-based group, Committee for the Reimbursement of the Indemnity Money Extorted from Haiti (C.R.I.M.E.), carries out a Yes Men-style prank on the French Foreign Ministry.

Recommended (video): “Revolution in Cairo,” PBS Frontline, March 2011. (24:56)

Recommended (video): “Deleuze’s Postscript on Societies of Control,” Liquid Theory TV, 2010.

Recommended (video): “Is WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange a Hero? Glenn Greenwald Debates Steven Aftergood of Secrecy News,” Democracy Now, 12/3/2010 (31 min)

Recommended (audio-stream): “Naomi Klein’s Critical Art,” On Point, NPR, 5/3/2010. Writer Naomi Klein talks about corporate marketing 10 years after No Logo, and politics in the age of “brand” Obama. (45 min)

Blog 5

May 12th, 2011

As a Muslim women reading the article “Obedience versus Autonomy: Women in Fundamentalism in Iran and Pakistan” the first section of the article made me sad learning about the many misconceptions of women in Islam. It disappointed me rediscover that this view is held by many people. I feel that the authors view is negatively biased about women’s obedience and autonomy in Islam. When reading the first half of the article I found many points which are vague and misleading to readers. But because I am writing a blog and not a research paper about this topic, I will keep it short and only discuss a few.

First I’d like to discuss the term “obedience” in the authors view. The author adds a negative connotation to the word obedience, indirectly pointing out that if one is obedient he/she is similar to slave lacking any or all autonomy. The author states “Islam means, among other things, submission and obedience.” The author makes this point to validate her views on an Islamic wife. After people read that statement many people will assume women in Islam have no say, no rights, and are treated unfairly. The meaning of “Islam” is submission/obedience to one God in peace. Now is that negative? Are we in the western world, NOT obedient to laws of society? Does that take away from our autonomy?  One of the laws in NYC is: Don’t drink and drive. Driving with a blood alcohol concentration at or more than 0.08 is illegal. If we are “obedient to this law does that take away from our autonomy as an individual? I know this isn’t the best example but my point is as long as the laws are just and fair to women what wrong with being obedient? Autonomy which means personal independence can be achieved while still obeying laws. Second I would like to discuss the marriage contract. Haeri states “Islamic marriage is a contract of sale” and “exchange of goods and services” also “in exchange of bride price,…. which wife receives, husband gains exclusive ownership right, over wife’s sexuality and reproductive activities..” umm excuse me?? I’m not sure about anyone else but to me this sounds like prostitution which is a SIN in Islam! Yes money is given to the bride before the wedding takes place which is also known as dowry. But this exchange of money is not to buy the wife!! The purpose of giving money and and signing a contract is incase a divorce takes place or the women is widowed the women has money to support herself. The husband and wife both make up the contract of what they want from the marriage and what they expect. Both parties sign the contract. The wife or the family of the wife asks for a reasonable amount of money from the husband’s side. This money, property or assets belongs strictly to the wife. No one not even her family members are allowed to take this money, only she has the authority to spend it as she wishes. Divorce is permissible in Islam, and if the marriage ends in divorce the women is able to use the money to help her get back on her feet. Keep in mind this Islamic law was established over 14 hundred years ago, before the judicial system and before the existence of alimony. The difference of alimony and Islamic dowry is alimony is given after the divorce and the amount is based on what the Judge believes is fair. Islamic dowry is given before the marriage and the amount is based on how much the wife and her family thinks is fair or enough. So contrary to Haeri’s point, a Muslim woman is not for sale before marriage! In regard to sexual control over the women’s body parts I’ll just keep it short because this blog is already long enough and say men also have an obligation to satisfy their wife’s sexual desire and needs.

In “France Face Veil Ban Provokes Heated Debate,” Tariq Ramadan argues that although he is not on favor of the niqab, the niqab should not be banned because it is a threat to democracy and dictates what to do and what they should and should not wear. Mona Eltahawy on the other hand , support the banning on the veil in France. She believes that it causes women to “disappear in society.” She thinks that showing of the face is vital to communication and that it should be banned everywhere. I think that because many Muslim women have a difference of opinion in regards to niqab and hijab that it should not be banned in any country or strictly enforced in any country. This isn’t a direct quotation, but the Quran says to dress modest and to cover ones bosoms. Men also have to dress modest and cover the area just right above their navel to right below their knee. Dressing conduct has been interpreted in many different ways. I was never forced to wear a hijab and I have started wearing the hijab a year after I graduated high school. If somebody told me I couldn’t wear it, I would feel like a part of my freedom has just been taken away. So I agree with Tariq Ramadan, in order to maintain democracy and freedom of rights, the government should not ban the face veil.

Blog #2 The Christian Revolution: Philip Jenkins Jaewon Choi

May 11th, 2011

As stated in this article, most recently majority of Christians have lived in White nations or “European Christian” civilization. However, over the past century its new member growth takes place in the regions to Africa, Asia, and Latin America. A typical contemporary Christian is a woman living in a village in Nigeria or Brazil.  The worldwide growth of Christianity will boom in the current century and will be non-white or non-European based believers.

The era of Western Christianity is in decline and emerging Southern Christianity at present. The obvious difference between the older and newer churches in that Southern Christians are far more conservative in terms of beliefs and moral teaching. Southern Christianity has very strong ties to supernatural orientation and by far more interested in personal salvation than radical politics. Therefore the future of dominant churches will have more commonality with those of medieval or early modern European times.  However, the centers of troubled states are weak so are their citizens’ political loyalties that importance of their religious beliefs takes over for its lack of solidity and security. Both Muslim and Christian will define identities through their religious affiliation. The new southern Christianity could find unity in common religious beliefs and when it develops powerful Christian identity in culture and politics will want and aspire to some sort of global unity.

The newer churches the Bible can be read with any authenticity and immediacy to Southern Christians. As a large part of the Bible, Old and New Testaments, addresses the sufferings of God’s people in the face of evil secular authorities. Millions of Christians worldwide live in constant danger of persecution or forced conversion, from government or local vigilantes, modern Christians in Nigeria, the Sudan, or Indonesia. In varied situations, ordinary believers are forced to understand why their conditions in suffering are relevant to their present life of massacres and expulsion. Unlike in the West, the danger of some angry letters to local newspapers, but it can lead to bloodshed and massacre.  In these societies, The New Testament warnings about humility and discretion not just Christian virtues, they can make the difference between life and death.

Blog # 5

May 10th, 2011

In When a Jew is not Jewish, the story of Jonathan Levitt and how Jews who are not considered Jewish enough is revealed.  The principle of this is basically if you are not and Orthodox Jew, you aren’t realized in Israel unless you become an Orthodox Jew, which doesn’t seem to be pretty fair in my opinion. It was shocking to know that in the army there is a 3month conversion course where at the end one will be  considered Jewish and can be  buried under Israeli grounds. But, like Jonathan, this is still not enough to be considered Jewish enough, even if you fight for the country you desire so much to be a part of religiously. This concludes with the problem that not that the people don’t want to be Jewish (because they do),  but that people are being turned away because they want to become Jewish and will not be considered Jewish no matter how much faith in the religion they hold.

Philip Jenkins brings to center the idea of how Christianity is surviving and expanding in many fast-growing countries around the world, which is the opposite as When a Jew is not Jewish, as Jews are being pushed away.  There has been a gravity change in Christianity  southward to  Africa, Asia and Latin America. Christianity is doing well in the South as Christianity is being practiced more traditionally.

Assignment #2 Media and Sovereignty

May 10th, 2011

Monroe E. Price discusses how the relationship between media and borders is always in transition; although it does not always promote liberty or liberation. The internet is the key to spreading democracy, Price says. These days technology is always evolving and playing a bigger role in today’s society. We become more dependent on media in our daily lives, and as a result companies are making it easier to access certain material. For example a few years ago we did not have internet on our cell phones, which honestly didn’t bother most of us because we had a cell phone to do just that, make phone calls. Now you can barley find a cell phone that cannot surf the web. If you do not have one you are living in the stone age. Now they have phones that already come pre installed with Facebook and Twitter built into them. I believe this is a prime example of advancement in media and technology.

The earth quake in Haiti really demonstrates media and sovereignty. This terrible disaster took the lives of roughly 400,000 people and left thousands injured. The whole country was basically shut down and in complete chaos. Being Haitian this took a huge toll on our family as we were glued to the television trying to find out if there were any updates on the terrible disaster. We were left in suspense for a few days.

There was a political upheaval and a blackout in terms of news coming in and out of Haiti that occurred. There was no way to get any information about the earthquake. In an age of booming technological advances one would not expect a lack of media coverage on an event. Since media is in our everyday lives (Ex: Aol, Facebook, Twitter, News stations ect.) and very easily accessible one would think the last thing on our minds would be a LACK of information and media coverage on an event. Foreign news organizations were not allowed to come into the country until a certain time. In this case media should have been of more use and actually covered an important catastrophe such as this, instead of waiting for quite a while to get there and have access to broadcast images and videos across the globe. The funny thing is the first glimpse of information regarding pictures or videos on the matter came through Facebook. If it were Angelina Jolie getting a divorce everybody and their mother would know about it due to the constant news updates on various different television channels, web sites and other media tools. Or hearing about how Lady Gaga’s tour in Japan is going would all be at our finger tips but a devastating tragedy such as the Haiti earthquake is not as appealing and would take longer for coverage to be brought to us.

Media often challenges state power. I do not mind government intervention and censorship as long as it is for the right reasons.

Blog #5:Christian Revolution

May 10th, 2011

Jenkins speaks of a Christian Revolution as a movement from the traditional northern/western white, rich, old ideology to a now revolutionary southern black/latino, poor, young ideology.  It is an interesting article on the change of demographics for Christianity.  He argues that though the growth is substantial, the black church and Latino church are non-communicative.  The Catholic church from Europe tends to cultivate the Latino community while the western and protestant church cultivates the black churches.  The newer churches are much more interested in personal salvation than in radical politics and believe in a Pentecostal affirmation of their faith.  More emphasis is placed on mysticism, conservatism, and puritanism while focusing on a visionary and apocalyptic point of view.

My theory is that the Latino and Black communities the Jenkins speaks of and their direct reflection and dependence of a Pentecostal Christianity reflects the poor.  These poor communities, whether black, white, asian, or Latino, are suffering firsthand simple virtues that humans should not be deprived of.  Christianity provides hope and salvation to a community deprived of it.  I do believe that there is a movement going on that has given lesser communities the opportunity to rise up and gain access to their own salvation.  Worldwide missionaries are higher than ever to the poorer countries and even communist governments cannot fully stop this new wave of preaching that has saved millions.

Blog Post#5 – Naomi Klein and the Yes Men: Branding in the 21st C

May 10th, 2011

In her 2004 interview with PBS, activist Naomi Klein discusses the evolution of branding, brand-messaging, and consumerism. What she really seems to be doing is giving a sociological account of marketing in US society.  According to Klein, the most successful branding is seamlessly integrated into culture so that members of society actually participate in it. In that way, branding has actually replaced advertising.

During early industrialized periods in America, food started being mass-produced. As the country grew, it was no longer feasible for everyone to purchase food at a farm. Advertising was used as an intermediary between the farm and the household, to forge a connection with the food company and the consumer.  Fast forward to roughly one hundred years later, and consumers have become more immune to advertising. We now live in a world of TiVo’s and DVR.  Nobody wants to be consciously advertised to.  Slowly advertising evolved into branding.  In Klein’s words, “the trend in branding is for the brand to become the infrastructure, not to tag onto our culture, [but] to sort of associate with the culture that it wants to be associated with — whether it’s music, theater, sports, young people. It’s to actually sort of supercede it and become the actual cultural infrastructure, and then we sort of live inside the brand.” Examples of this in action are Starbucks, the Body  Shop, and Nike. When you enter into a Starbucks or a Nike Store, you actually do feel like you’re stepping inside the brand. Starbucks tries very hard to foster a sense of a tight-knit and inclusive community.  The Nike Store tries to make everyone feel like a champion.  Disney and Marlboro are also two masters of this type of brand-messaging; Klein’s example with Disney is Celebration, FL. Personally, I have friends who smoke Marlboro for that lonestar image.

Klein also spoke of the role of the consumer in branding. The act of branding is no longer restricted to companies and products, and you no longer need an MBA to start your own brand. Celebrities like Kim Kardashian, Gordon Ramsay and Ryan Seacrest are engaging in self-branding and making millions.

The irony of Fortune 500s’ massive branding push is that it’s being turned against them on some level. Even activists are using branding theory to form social organizations to combat what they see as evils of Big Corporations. For example, the activists Yes Men, and Rainforest Action Network and Amazon Watch ruined a Chevron ad campaign by creating their own viral parody. The Yes Men in particular branded themselves as activists who engage in satire to increase accountability of big companies. In the trailer for their film “The Yes Men Fix the World,” they’ve targeted companies like Dow and Haliburton. They’re funny guys, but I also think their efforts are laudable. In a world where we can be totally enmeshed in a brand’s message, it’s good we have some people trying to keep everyone’s feet on the ground.

Blog 4:Everyone’s Missing the point & Inside American Islam

May 10th, 2011

Osama bin Laden’s death didn’t have much of an effect on me, mainly because I saw the whole thing as a bunch of propaganda. I saw the American celebrations as too much and way too late. Osama bin Laden has not been an active figure on the terrorism front in quite some time, and his ‘death’ was had more symbolic value than actual value. After 9/11, the US went on a wild goose chase to find bin Laden, trying and failing miserably until they got their lucky break 10 years later. Recently, there have been news reports saying how terrorism will morph into a singular act, such as Mohamed Bouazizi, with people acting alone instead of going to Al Quada for training. The aid that we are offering to Pakistan and Afghanistan is a flimsy attempt to make ourselves look good.

Akbar Ahmed explains the difference between American and European Muslims. When Muslims came to America, many of them did not bring their customs with them. After 9/11, they were not able to clearly explain their religion to people, which helped spread the anti-Muslim hysteria. The mainstream association of American Muslims and Al Quada is a shocking viewpoint that has become increasingly more popular. The bias against Islam is based on nothing more than false perceptions and misinformation. It is a shame that a radical group has become the face of a religion, tainting it in our minds.

Blog #5: Saadawi and Joya Clips

May 10th, 2011

In the Middle East, examples of democracy being under attack are evident. Dr. Nawal Al Saadawi states that the revolution in Egypt brought men and women together because they were united for a common cause – the resignation of President Mubarak. Post-revolution Egypt faces new challenges, one of them being electing a new president. While there is no female candidate so far, Dr. Saadawi thinks that one of the men and women she met who rallied in the square should become the next president because of their close relationship with fellow revolutionaries, not Mubarak. She goes as far to say that the new Egypt doesn’t even need one person governing the country. Her vision for the new Egypt is collective leadership where men and women, Christians and Muslims are equal. We’ll just have to wait and see who will take over. Dr. Saadawi also mentions that the former first lady, Suzanne Mubarak, didn’t help women because she was an image of her husband, a quality she thinks queens and first ladies all have in common. Now that Mubarak is out of the picture, Dr. Saadawi seems hopeful that Egyptians could try again to rebuild the Egyptian Women’s Union. Unity among women can bring forth women’s rights. A final point Dr. Saadawi makes is that the Egyptian constitution must be rewritten in order for it to become more secular. In doing so, she thinks this will allow for women and men to become equal. Additionally, she believes that the fight for democracy and the fight for women’s rights are one in the same because women are a part of society and deserve rights. Justice and democracy are classified as meaningless if the government does not make it possible for women to participate democratically or protect women’s rights. Malalai Joya, another women’s rights activist and author, stresses in her interview that she wants to see U.S troops leave Afghanistan. Since President Obama entered office, more troops have been sent to Afghanistan, but this has caused more problems and obstacles for her people. She mentions that civilians, including women and children, have been killed by U.S troops referred to as “die teams.” Joya finds the news of these war crimes heartbreaking and wants to see an end to them in the name of democracy and women’s rights. She also points out that the U.S appears contradictory because Obama supported the Egypt revolution but the killing of innocent people still continues in Afghanistan. While troops in the die teams are on trial, families receive $2,000. Joya finds this disrespectful because it puts a price tag on a family’s loss and, in a sense, the dead family member’s worth. Democracy is difficult to come by in Afghanistan because, as Joya says, the people have three enemies: warlords, the Taliban, and U.S troops. She believes that if the U.S occupation forces leave her country, the Afghani people will know what to do with their own destiny. She points out that her people hate the warlords and the Taliban. There are democratic-minded parties present, but U.S troops are eliminating them, thus creating problems. Her main point is simply: how is the U.S going to bring democracy to Afghanistan if they are massacring innocent civilians?

In Israel/The Christian Revolution

May 10th, 2011

The audio clip In Israel, When A Jew Is Not Jewish enough provided an insight into how American-Conservative Jews are treated in Israel. Having grown up Orthodox and no longer consider myself a religious person, I find it absurd that Jonathan was not allowed to serve in the army. I have several Israeli friends who currently serve in the army and they are not remotely religious, nor do they consider themselves Jewish. Rather, they consider themselves Israeli. However because they were born in Israel, they are allowed to serve. However, this person who comes from America, who associates with the Jewish religion and wants to fight and die for the country he believes is his is not allowed to simply based on a technicality. After hearing about how the Orthodox, and Ultra-Orthodox communities in Israel reacted to the army’s conversion program I felt ashamed to have come from an Orthodox (albeit a modern Orthodox) up bringing. It amazes me that in this time when it seems that most of the world is against Israel, they are still finding ways to turn people away from not only the faith, but the defense of our country.
This situation is completely different from the one portrayed in Jenkins’ article “The Christian Revolution”. His article talks about how Christianity is booming in a way. The religion is spreading throughout the world-as far as some remote villages throughout Africa. The Christian religion is working at spreading itself throughout the world. It appears that the world-wide Christian movement is working to open itself in a way while the Jewish religion in Israel is working to become more narrow and less loosely defined. I think the Jewish religion should take a look at what the Christians are doing and understand that in modern times, having a more open religion is a good thing especially in order to have a strong religion.

Blog Post 5- Resisting Globalization

May 9th, 2011

BBC’s Newsnight coverage of the British education crisis was quite eye opening. Paul Mason listens to some students whose education may be put on hold because of the high price that they need to pay for a proper university education. One young women speaks of her education and how she believes that the government will listen to students because of their recent unification and movements. She believes that students are at the forefront of the movement towards lowering the price of higher education.
Many other students state that they will not be able to attend university if the government does not lower the prices. One student claims he is from a very poor part of London (the slums of London, as he refers to it) where if he does not attend university he will most likely be selling drugs on street corners. It is unfortunate that many young students will not being getting the education they would like because of these hard times in Britain.
When students marched to parliament however, this peaceful protest against price increases took a turn for the worse. Many police men did not hesitate to use harmful force against the protesters which resulted in many hurt young men and women. Most protesters were not forceful against the police but in fact wanted to dance to profess their dislike in price hikes in education, a road mostly untaken by traditional protesters in protest marches. This act of peacefulness should have been enough to stop police from brutally harming marchers.
Paul Mason also speaks at Pace University to inform students that there are many countries were students are most unlucky as compared to students in the United States. Most students are unemployed and unable to afford education in other countries along with most countries unstable economy. He goes on to say that networks are the means to keep cultural societies amidst one another. This allows other countries to see where young people of other places come from and how they differ from our own culture and society.
He believes that social networking helped to educate others of others religions as well. Lastly he states that the days of non-violence are back and that many youth and other members of community are putting forth this notion so that harmony and liberalization can take place amongst nations of civil unrest in the ideals of non-violent acts.

Blog #5 – Inside American Islam / Face Veil Ban

May 9th, 2011

I believe that many Americans misunderstand Muslims and their religion. Due to U.S. media and propaganda, many Americans are quite confused regarding the clear difference between Muslims and those who have committed acts of terror on our country. After 9/11, our country drastically changed. The mass hysteria created around Muslims and Islam by the use of terrorists has truly had a large impact on our country by dividing many.

In the audio, “Inside American Islam,” Akbar Ahmed discusses his anthropological knowledge and his experience of visiting 100 mosques around America. Akbar Ahmed states that because Americans are living in times of rapid change and crisis, by adding a sense of fear and uncertainty, such a catalyst could raise havoc. The catalyst he is referring to is the building of mosques all around our country and the uproar coming from Americans who are not in favor of these mosques being built.

Tariq Ramadan and Resa Aslan are also mentioned in this audio. They each discuss their views on the ignorance around the Muslim community. After 9/11, a gap has opened up between Muslims and Non-Muslims. Muslims either feel angry or scared due to the violence seen around mosques in the U.S. Because Islam remains unknown to most Americans, their insecurities and fears regarding the religion continues.

Tariq Ramadan also discusses this issue in the regard to face veils. In the video about banning the face veil, Tariq Ramadan states his beliefs regarding women wearing face veils and how the government should not have any involvement regarding the issue. Ramadan believes that the government/state should not be able to decide. The issue of allowing women to wear face veils is more of a political issue over anything else. Ramadan states that many women who wear veils decide to do so on their own, not because it is being forced.

Blog #4 Democracy

May 9th, 2011

In Egypt today, women are clamoring for their own cultural and political identities. The Egyptians are starting to demand justice and democracy. The question is what role will women play in Egypt’s new political era? According to Nawal Al Saadawi the fight for democracy and women’s rights are one and the same. She says “There is no democracy without women because women are more than half of the society so how can you have democracy, justice, and freedom without half of the society?”Saadawi defines herself as a radical feminist, their goal is to change the Egyptian constitution so that it becomes secular, and all Egyptians are equal.Also, the family courts should grant men and women the same rights, in the Egyptian culture and economy, both genders should be treated equally as well.

When Malalai Joya was interviewed she stated that the U.S should leave Afghanistan because many civilians are being killed. She also found it insulting that for every victim the family receives 2000 dollars. She says its as if the victim’s life was only worth 2000 dollars. She continues to say that since Obama became president there have been more massacres and tragedies. There are photographs displaying the so called “kill teams” killing Afghani civilians. The soldiers who took part in the “kill teams” now face trial for killing Afghani civilians and collecting their body parts. Joya hopes the the soldiers will leave Afghanistan soon but does not believe it will happen anytime soon, even though she believes it will be best for the people of Afghanistan.