Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Blog 3- Ohio CSNY

Wednesday, May 18th, 2011

One of the most famous protests ever in America, definetly the most famous student protest, was the Kent State University protests against the war in Cambodia and Vietnam. The video begins show pictures of the four students who were tragically shot by United States soldiers during this protest. It continues to show pictures of the students beginning to protest and showing the soldiers rushing to the school’s campus. There are many photographs taken this day, most significantly the picture from the TIME magazine with the people over the woman’s dead body. The song is also significant in the video as this shows not only did this protest catch the newspaper’s attention, but it caught attention across the country. From the homeless people to the millionaire entertainers, this story reached from east to west coast.

The Kent State protest can signify the control a government wants to have over it’s people. Although America is considered a free country, your freedom is on thin ice. This country is known for it’s freedom and most importantly it’s freedom of speech. Many believe that the press is controlled by government and that they only let the press say what the government wants them to say. The young intelligent minds at Kent State University were indeed committing acts of violence toward authorities. There were many reports of them throwing rocks and anything else they could throw at the officers. This is what led to the shots being fired.

Although it is wrong to throw rocks or any other object at somebody, it does not deserve death or a bullet wound. These people were protesting peacefully and were not harming anybody until the authorites tried to take away their freedom of speech.  It seems as though government’s will let their people talk if they have something good to say, but if they are speaking negativly something has to be done about it. The government had let the people of Kent State protest for too long in their eyes and it needed to end. Unlike what our constitution states, President Nixon decided to take away these students freedom to protest.

Here is an article that speaks about what took place at Kent State.

http://dept.kent.edu/sociology/lewis/lewihen.htm

Blog 2-“Crosby Nash still young”

Wednesday, May 18th, 2011

This video was very disturbing. The video starts out in a middle eastern country with American soldiers spending time with young native children. Some of the pictures you see are nice pictures of the soldier sharing a smile with the young child. But some of the pictures are one’s I would never think to see. A soldier showing a child his gun, or possibly be teaching him to use it. The picture at :45 seconds was also disturbing. Seeing these children holding AK-47’s is mind blowing. As the video rolls on you see pictures of young American children. These children are depicted in their everyday lives, in a pool and playing around. This is what children should be doing, not playing with guns as the middle eastern children are.

This video makes me think about the different cultures in this world. In america, it is extremely unethical to teach a child how to use a firearm. In the middle east, not only do they know how to use a firearm at an early age but they actually use it. Many children are forced out onto the battle field by their terrorist group’s in the middle east. It is very troubling to know that these children are participating in these acts of violence when as a child you shouldnt even know what violence is, never the less partake in violence. It also makes me think about how we view other cultures, and why are we showing other cultures violence but not our own children? Why would you show a child from one nation how to use a gun, but not your own? That doesn’t make sense to me. It is like you are looking at that other culture as inferior to you and you dont care if they learn about violence which leads to them killing others possibly innocent people.

Blog 1-Libya Border/ABC-FOB

Wednesday, May 18th, 2011

Libya Border

As I watched the video about people crossing the Libya border leaving Libya, I was very disturbed. These people are leaving Libya with not much at all, mostly blankets. They are leaving their whole life behind to flee the detoriating state of Libya cause by Colonel Gadaffi. The people who were interviewed as they crossed the border had nothing but good things to say about Libya. Then why leave if life in Libya was good? Well many people are afraid to speak negativly about Libya and Gadaffi in fear of their families lives who still live in Libya. Gadaffi is a violent leader, and has put fear in the hearts of his people. One scene from the video talked about a 9 year old girl who was left with all of her families belongings as the rest of the family was being searched. Upon the families return to the child, the journalist had wanted to ask the father questions. He would not answer any questions, afraid of retallation upon his family. Another man, walking alone, stated how life was good in Libya, which doesnt make much sense to leave then. It is obvious Gadaffi has put fear in the hearts of his people even when they are not living in his nation anymore.

ABC-FOB

Flushing, Queens is one of the most highly populated asian county in all of America. Flushing consists of many different asian backrounds but mostly Chinese and Korean. Flushing, once a predominantly a white area, has been transformed over the past 20 to 30 years into what it is today. There has been an ongoing “rivalry” in flushing as well as other asian hub societies. ABC’S, American Born Chinese, are what it says-American born Chinese. ABC’s have adopted to American culture, society and norms regardless of being born from immigrant parents. FOB’s which are fresh off the boat immigrants, have long been a nusiance to ABC’s. FOB’s come to America with the norms and culture that they lived in-in their former country. Many FOB’s spit excessevly, smoke excessevly and do not display good manners. ABC’s and FOB’s also have differenting styles as ABC’s like to dress somewhat ghetto and american where FOB’s like to dress in very fashionable, run way style type clothes. Even immigrants who have lived in America for decades do not approve of the new wave of FOB asians. They do not come to America with good manners, often cursing at ABC’s, and not understanding how to run a business like an American business person. ABC’s and FOB’s will always be different because of their different upbringing and will always have different ideologies about how to live their lives.

Blog #4

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

CSNY
May 4th, 1970, National Guardsman shot unarmed students who were protesting. It was in Kent State University, where four students were killed, and 9 of them were permanently paralyzed. The students were protesting against the American invasion of Cambodia, which President Nixon announced on April 30. This resulted in a four million student strike. The video shows some of the clips of what happened there, and shows unarmed students who were killed. The music being played in this video shows us things about the protests we have already had in the U.S. Many of the young people, including college students were concerned about being drafted to fight a war they strongly opposed. This somewhat reminded me of the video with the April 6th young movement. They were doing a protest unarmed as well, and some were also beaten and killed. This video shows the weapons the National Guard had with them approaching unarmed students, and if one student was to stop and help another they would be afraid to because they might suffer the same consequences.
Teach Your Children- War video
The second video shows how young kids are showed how to use weapons. It sings about how you have to teach your children well, even fathers and army soldiers help teach children how to use weapons. Some children that wanted to know why they would have to do such things, would end up crying, not wanting to do so. The video shows the hardships the children have to go through. They wouldn’t want to have war, but they would be forced by the government, if they were poor. This video shows how some people are taught at very young ages to kill and have war, so they can later serve in the army.

blog # 4 the role of religions

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

Tariq Ramadan a professor at Oxford.was banned by the United States by homeland security. He speaks about visions of reformist Islam’s and the association of Islam and the west. He was banned from 6 countries. Ramadan refers to Islam as a western religion and explains how we should go beyond perceptions.  He states how Muslim’s are already accustomed to their surroundings and speaks about how we should contribute to a country. Tariq goes on to say how great majority of Muslims have no problem with other societies and says they are calm and wise in the way they reacted in regards to the south park issue. Another argument was the French government sees a value in not having woman wear head scarf’s. Ramadan’s response was that Islam’s don’t come with policies and I think it was a good statement for him to say so that neither he nor the religion is to be judged.

In regards to a comment he had said earlier about how there should be moratorium in the stoning of woman I think he chose the right word only because he was taking the bigger picture of it and not the negative side how everyone perceived his statement. His point is not to please the west but to change mentalities and believes if you deal with Muslims you have to come with Islamic arguments. He wants people to see how things are moving from within not how they are portrayed to be. Tariq believes Obama’s administration is all new and to say Islam is an American religion it gives things a new perspective. I agree with Ramadan not only that Obama has preformed better than past presidents but as a country not only in regards to religion but in regards to color it shows that we have developed as a country and have come a long way.

In the “Letter Concerning Toleration” we see Locke’s perspective when Catholicism was seen as a threat in England to “their way of life”. As a response Locke argues that religious toleration is the answer and that having more religious groups can prevent civil unrest. He believes that the one thing that gather the people into seditious commotions is oppression. Locke stresses oppression in his letter and I agree religion is not what makes men into seditious actions it is their suffering that leads them to their religion. He makes a good point when he starts relating his letter to real life examples and how people join together. The role of religion here is crucial but it is not found through gatherings.

Blog#3

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

When a Jew is not Jewish enough, is a problem people who moved to Israel are experiencing. Jonathan Levitt migrated to a Jewish state, to serve, in the idea that he believes in the Jewish people. The lady behind the desk wasn’t able to put in his id that he was a Jew. The problem was that his mother was not born a Jew, she was converted. It isn’t an issue in U.S., but it is in Israel, they are not considered a Jew and neither would their children.
Having his identity questioned is making him feel like he came over there for no reason; he isn’t allowed to be part of the culture. He can fight for them, and die for them, but he still wouldn’t be Jewish enough. The army offers its own 3 month conversion course for those serving, those who pass will be considered Jewish by the Israeli government, have the right to get married and buried in Israel. There was an article in the newspaper about massive industry of fake conversions, conducted by the army. One person says, one of the fights we are having now are people want to become Jewish and we are turning them away. This is dividing the Jewish world.
Cairo- the april 6th youth movement
Plan and national protest fueled by the internet. Ahmed mar is their leader. He spreads anti-government messages through the internet to eager young Egyptians. The April 6th movement was made to prevent Mubarak or his sons to run for presidents, showing what happening in Egypt in the past 2 years. There was police brutality that was filmed on mobile phones. The power of seeing people being beaten was very shocking, only very few of these were investigated. This youth movement started in 2008. The non-violence struggle was a form of warfare. The Serbia example highlighted that movements don’t need to be violent, especially when the police are incredibly violent .Jan 25th they showed how powerful the internet can be with uniting people, it was called police day. Mar showed how he put pressure on the regime with a second protest. In this protest the spokesman was arrested and he spoke of the brutality he went through. He was hit by every officer that saw him, and they told him to now go to facebook for help. Jan 28, 2011, mobile phones and internet were taken down; this was called the day of rage. Mubarak showed how desperate the regime was, and the protestors were using the media.
Cairo seemed like a warzone, the police were trying to prevent the people from going to Tahrir square. People were being beaten on the streets. April 6th headquarters became like a clinic. Mubarak eventually resigned. The people finally put their foot down and said enough is enough. Now the neighboring countries Iran, Bahrain, Libya, Yemen, Jordan, and Iraq are also having activists have protests, people now know their rights. The social networks played a very crucial and important role for these people. They were able to show others the real truth under the Mubarak regime.

Blog # 3 not jewish enough

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

In the audio “In Israel, When a Jew is Not Jewish Enough” we are introduced to a young Jewish man who is not considered a Jew. Although he feels very Jewish, his mother was not born a Jew, she was converted therefore he is not Jewish enough. In Israel, religious life is orthodox so he was not recognized as a Jew. This caused him confusion and I completely agreed with his point of view. I think it makes no sense how someone is not considered Jewish enough but they can still fight for the country, give up their freedom go to the army and lose their life to defend it.

In the audio we also heard what one of the ultra orthodox rabbi’s had to say in regards to this matter. He believes if one is to become a Jew it should be under the strictest interpretation of Jewish law. He believes that IEF course that the army conducts is a fake conversion and that they should use a different term other than a Jew. He feels offended and considers it to be cheating. I disagree with his point of view because anyone can convert into any religion they want and be just as religious if not more. On the other hand, I agree with the rabbi of reformed congregation and I think that its so ironic how a couple of years after the holocaust people want to become Jews but are being turned down.

In the reading of the “Christian Revolution” we see how it is stereo-typed that Christianity is a religion of the west. However, this is not true, not only is this religion surviving it is also expanding. Although it is historically said that there are low birth rates in Christian states, it is calculated that there will be a worldwide boom in the years to come. With the option of the conversions to Christianity it will be easier to keep the religion alive and spreading. The rise of Christendom had political consequences yet its higher set of standards and mores were thought to be universal. This idea collapsed due to the power of secular nationalism. This reading elaborates on the role of Christianity religion and how it has come across to so many countries and groups of people joining and converting.

Blog#5 2 CSNY Videos

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

On Monday May 4th, 1970, National Guardsmen opened fire on unarmed students protesting on the ground of Kent State University. Four students were killed and nine were injured. Some of the injured students weren’t even involved in the protest. They had been watching from afar or walking to classes. The shooting resulted in a Nationwide student strike involving over four million students from high schools and colleges. The slideshow/song tells the story of what happened. There are obviously similarities with what is happening in the Arab world today. All over the news we hear and read stories of protesters in various countries being shot and killed while protesting. However I feel that this is where the similarities stop. While it is a scary thought, are you actually that shocked that a country run by a dictator would open fire on protesters? I honestly doesn’t really surprise me. However, what does surprise me is that National Guardsmen in the United States of America (where we have freedom of speech) would open fire on unarmed student protesters with live ammunition. This clearly should not have happened. Another difference between the two is that in the Arab world, the protesters are shot to maintain order or to quell the protest. Apparently the reason the national guardsmen opened fire was because they were being confronted by students and some may have feared for their lives.

While the first topic I wrote about involved music being used to teach us about past protests and transgressions by our National Guard, the next topic talks about music being used by protesters as a weapon. The article/video talks about a protest in Britain involving students protesting the various changes that are about to occur involving their tuition. The problems stem from the fact that because of the changes, many of the lower class students won’t be able to afford to go to University. The article/video talks about one of these protests. During the protest, the students marched towards parliament. When they got there what they did next was quite surprising-they danced. The students began blasting music through a set of large speakers using and AUX cable and their ipods. While the protests themselves aren’t peaceful (the students often use violence) this part is. I feel that the music is an incredibly important part of the protest because it helps show that these protesters for the most part, are just teenagers. The music they were playing is modern and electronic, not something older generations would have listened to. It also helps people in other countries connect with them. Once people realize that they listen to the same music, they may begin to feel compassion and join the side of the protesters. I personally feel that music should be an important part of every protest.

Blog 2 Manning, Human Rights

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

Human rights has been long fought for, taken away, and given back to different area of the world, but what will happen in the time of war. How can we as a government penalized the people that betray us. Do we treat them with a gold platter and treat them like kings, or do we just treat our threats as scum and make them wish they were never born and show the world to never cross the United States government. In my opinion the United State is a big hypocrite when it gets down to human rights. It’s almost like the United States has it’s own rules that it follows and it gives other countries another set. We as “world police” can not continue to lead by this example, we have to change and show the world they can trust us again. In the case of Bradley Manning the 1st amendment can give him some protection, freedom of speech is what made the United States one of the best countries in the world. People left their native countries for freedom of speech and to make the most out of their lives. International laws do apply to every country even the United States, and the fact they are not following the human rights laws for torture done to Bradley Manning is out of this world.

Blog 1

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

The overall opinion for the debate between each parties was very opinionated from both sides. In my opinion they did not reach the real issues on this topic. The fact of the matter is that no matter what part of the world your from or live in people will consider it taboo when they see a difference in their culture or way of life. For example if a girl in Africa shaves her head because she turns eighteen because of her tribes traditions. Lets just say another girl from the same tribes comes to new york to live and turns eighteen a month later. She proceeds to shave her head because of her tribes traditions that she has grown accustom to. As an american society people will perceive that as taboo and might resent it or even try to prevent it from ever happening again. So thanks for the 1st amendment everyone has a right to express their religion in their own way.

In the video Face Veil Ban, it is argued if a state can tell people what to wear and what not to wear. According to Mr. Tariq the state should have absolutely no say in what one is to wear. He believes as well as i, that one has full control and should have the choice of how they want to dress. He commented that many women who wear the niqab and converted to Islam make their own choice to wear it. In my opinion I don’t think anyone should have any say in what a person chooses to wear. I think more like if a person is wearing something and someone else disagrees with the motives or why it is being worn it is none of their business. If a person chooses to cover her whole body and only show her eyes thats her choice and it should be respected just as if a girl decides to walk out in short shorts and a tank top she shouldn’t be labeled based on what she is wearing nor should anyone have a say. A state should definitely not get involved. Mr Haris said that a significant percent of the woman are forced to wear things. I completely disagree with this statement. No one should have a say on how someone dresses. In the end people will wear what they want and me as i woman wear what i wear because i want to not because i am forced to. I think his statement is false and needs to be more though out.

Assignment #2

Tuesday, May 17th, 2011

Media and sovereignty was shown during the impeachment trial of Philippine President Joseph Estrada. The corrupt congress of the country ruled to exclude importance evidence that would work against him. This infuriated the people of the Philippines and they took to the street, which was mainly orchestrated via forwarded text messages, which read, “Go 2 EDSA. Wear blk.” The protests grew huge and after a few days more than a million people were part of the protest mobilization.

The way the public was able to orchestrate such a huge public protest and mobilize so many to the streets, was an amazing act. According to online figures, almost seven million texts were sent during that week in the Philippines. The amazing outcome and outcry of the people led to a court reversal of their previous decision, which ultimately led to Estrada’s impeachment. Many believe that social media, in this case, text messaging, was responsible for his impeachment.

From the dawn of the internet age, the world’s networks has more increased to users in the billions. Social media agents such as Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, Skype, SMS, MMS, BBM, etc. have become part of everyday life for a majority of the world.

Blog #5

Monday, May 16th, 2011

In “Meet the Yes Men, the Political Satirists Who Punked GE”, I was shocked to learn of the financial situation of GE. They had earned so much money, yet they weren’t paying taxes and on top of that received a 3.2 billion dollar tax benefit. Its mind boggling to me how that could have happened. Although reports said they would give it back, it was because of a”public outcry”.  The “Yes men” have spoofed the GE tagline and have “forced the multinational corporation to come out and quell investors’ fears it was giving back money received…”. The Yes men have taken upon themselves to take important pressing issues in society and make them into jokes so reporters are able to write about it. Something interesting about the men interviewed in this article is that they have regular day jobs, but they felt like activists at heart, which to me I feel is more important. As long as you love the cause your fighting for, does it really matter what your day job is? Servin is quoted as saying, “We create a fake story to expose the truth”. Everyone has opinions and different ways to make their voices heard and this is how the “Yes Men” have chosen to do it. They seem to be very successful because they are getting their work out there and making sure people see their spoofs.

In “Is WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange a Hero?”, I felt that Steven Aftergood brought up an interesting part of WikiLeaks that I haven’t heard yet. He brings up the fact that WikiLeaks was wrong about an investigation in Belgium about child abuse and murder, which ended up hurting innocent people. He mentioned that Belgium government was only attempting to block the website as a precaution for themselves. I think that people think that they are getting all this information and suddenly think they aren’t in the dark anymore about whats going on in the world but what was said about Belgium wasn’t true, we are still being left in the dark.

Glenn Greenwald also brings up valid arguments. He says that WikiLeaks is still a new organization and like every organization, makes mistakes. I do agree with him because a baby doesn’t learn to walk once its born. They are making progress by slowly exposing the Governments in the US and also around the world. So the little progress that they have made can easily already change the world in so many ways. So is Julian Assange a hero? I guess it depends who you ask, some might appreciate him acknowledging the fact that people want to know what is going on in their country but there are also those that don’t want to be embarrassed or have their lives effected by untrue reports.

Protests on Israel’s Borders for Nakba

Monday, May 16th, 2011

To add to all the chaos that has been going on in the Middle East these past few months, there were protests that happened on both the Israel-Syria border and the Israel-Lebanon border. Yesterday was Nakba, or the day of “Catastrophe” according to the Palestinians. It is a day of mourning that marks the birth of the state of Israel in 1948. Yesterday, protesters entered Israel from Syria. As the NYTimes wrote:

In the Golan Heights, about 100 Palestinians living in Syria breached a border fence and crowded into the village of Majdal Shams, waving Palestinian flags. Troops fired on the crowd, killing four of them.

What many people don’t realize is that if Syrians cross the border into Israel, they need to get permission from the Syrian army to do so and any entering into the state is seen as a threat of warfare. (As it would be if the roles were reversed and Israel should enter Syria) There is an agreement which states both countries will not be entered.
The news reports have shown the protests but reporters did not get there in time for when the real trouble began: when hundreds entered Israel with the threat of violence.
A friend of mine is a soldier who was on the scene and he explained to me:

what happened was that initially about 100 or so people crossed the border and started rioting in the middle of majdel shams which is in israel they were throwing rocks at soldiers what is done in a situation like this is first you fire warning shots in the air, then at the ground near the rioters if that doesnt work you shoot at their lower body when you have 100 people some are bound to fall over and have the bullets not hit the lower body but the fact is these were citizens of a hostile country who illegally crossed a border into israel and tried attacking its soldiers

Syria has been punishing its protesters these past few months but now when they threaten political and physical harm on Israel, they of course blame Israel.

(This picture was on the NYTimes website, in addition to others, and my friend is actually in the shot.)

Blog #5: Countering Neo-liberalism and Corporate Global Domination

Sunday, May 15th, 2011

In our globalised world much is made of the neo-liberal corporate dominating establishment. The hegemonic institutions that dominate markets through the use of technology; subsequently, shrinking borders and redefining national sovereignty. Economist  Peter Evans argues that, “transnational connections can…be harnessed to the construction of more equitable distributions of wealth and power.” Simply put that globalisation does not have to be dominated by neo-liberal policy, that other entities can challenge such hegemony by utilizing the very same tools. He refer to it as “counter-hegemonic globalisation” and we can see evidence of it occurring all around the world.

Labor historian and BBC analyst Paul Mason speaks about a “youth revolt” in which young activist utilize technology in order to counter global corporate policies that hinder social advancement. Last January we saw young Egyptians conduct a “facebook revolution” to end dictatorship in that particular country. The movement, however, didn’t stop there. It spread throughout the middle east. The use of social media allotted the spread of activism to a global level. Such networking can now allow activist to pinpoint where the challenge can be most effective. It would allow groups that have similar grievances to connect in order to counter the established corporate advantage.

In the modern world it seems that such networking is essential in order to maintain any real sense of democracy. In order to perpetuate any kind of productive discourse, it would be best to connect with other people around the world. For example if labor unions in America are concerned with loosing jobs “over seas” to much cheaper labor, perhaps organizing or networking with laborers abroad could strengthen their cause. Evans gives us examples how labor unions are already doing this. He also calculates for non market movements such as environmental activism and humanitarian efforts such as feminist movements that are aimed to stop unfair treatment towards women.

In short in order to counter globalism you must use globalism. A global connection of such a magnitude provides a way to effect global markets that are dominated by TNC’s, impact political leaders that support their policies and connect with others in order to engage in debate from afar, such debate that may have an impact locally.

Blog 5

Thursday, May 12th, 2011

As a Muslim women reading the article “Obedience versus Autonomy: Women in Fundamentalism in Iran and Pakistan” the first section of the article made me sad learning about the many misconceptions of women in Islam. It disappointed me rediscover that this view is held by many people. I feel that the authors view is negatively biased about women’s obedience and autonomy in Islam. When reading the first half of the article I found many points which are vague and misleading to readers. But because I am writing a blog and not a research paper about this topic, I will keep it short and only discuss a few.

First I’d like to discuss the term “obedience” in the authors view. The author adds a negative connotation to the word obedience, indirectly pointing out that if one is obedient he/she is similar to slave lacking any or all autonomy. The author states “Islam means, among other things, submission and obedience.” The author makes this point to validate her views on an Islamic wife. After people read that statement many people will assume women in Islam have no say, no rights, and are treated unfairly. The meaning of “Islam” is submission/obedience to one God in peace. Now is that negative? Are we in the western world, NOT obedient to laws of society? Does that take away from our autonomy?  One of the laws in NYC is: Don’t drink and drive. Driving with a blood alcohol concentration at or more than 0.08 is illegal. If we are “obedient to this law does that take away from our autonomy as an individual? I know this isn’t the best example but my point is as long as the laws are just and fair to women what wrong with being obedient? Autonomy which means personal independence can be achieved while still obeying laws. Second I would like to discuss the marriage contract. Haeri states “Islamic marriage is a contract of sale” and “exchange of goods and services” also “in exchange of bride price,…. which wife receives, husband gains exclusive ownership right, over wife’s sexuality and reproductive activities..” umm excuse me?? I’m not sure about anyone else but to me this sounds like prostitution which is a SIN in Islam! Yes money is given to the bride before the wedding takes place which is also known as dowry. But this exchange of money is not to buy the wife!! The purpose of giving money and and signing a contract is incase a divorce takes place or the women is widowed the women has money to support herself. The husband and wife both make up the contract of what they want from the marriage and what they expect. Both parties sign the contract. The wife or the family of the wife asks for a reasonable amount of money from the husband’s side. This money, property or assets belongs strictly to the wife. No one not even her family members are allowed to take this money, only she has the authority to spend it as she wishes. Divorce is permissible in Islam, and if the marriage ends in divorce the women is able to use the money to help her get back on her feet. Keep in mind this Islamic law was established over 14 hundred years ago, before the judicial system and before the existence of alimony. The difference of alimony and Islamic dowry is alimony is given after the divorce and the amount is based on what the Judge believes is fair. Islamic dowry is given before the marriage and the amount is based on how much the wife and her family thinks is fair or enough. So contrary to Haeri’s point, a Muslim woman is not for sale before marriage! In regard to sexual control over the women’s body parts I’ll just keep it short because this blog is already long enough and say men also have an obligation to satisfy their wife’s sexual desire and needs.

In “France Face Veil Ban Provokes Heated Debate,” Tariq Ramadan argues that although he is not on favor of the niqab, the niqab should not be banned because it is a threat to democracy and dictates what to do and what they should and should not wear. Mona Eltahawy on the other hand , support the banning on the veil in France. She believes that it causes women to “disappear in society.” She thinks that showing of the face is vital to communication and that it should be banned everywhere. I think that because many Muslim women have a difference of opinion in regards to niqab and hijab that it should not be banned in any country or strictly enforced in any country. This isn’t a direct quotation, but the Quran says to dress modest and to cover ones bosoms. Men also have to dress modest and cover the area just right above their navel to right below their knee. Dressing conduct has been interpreted in many different ways. I was never forced to wear a hijab and I have started wearing the hijab a year after I graduated high school. If somebody told me I couldn’t wear it, I would feel like a part of my freedom has just been taken away. So I agree with Tariq Ramadan, in order to maintain democracy and freedom of rights, the government should not ban the face veil.