Archive for the ‘Mar 29/Political Globalization’ Category

Blog 4 on Political Globalization: Gender, Race, and Citizenship

Monday, April 4th, 2011

Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy:

Women from first world countries must work now, more than ever.  Most men no longer make enough money to support an entire family.  Increased divorce rates also force many women to work.  If women are working full time, who is watching the kids, cooking and cleaning?  A “second mommy” is often needed in first world country families where moms work full time.  These second moms come from third world countries.  Second moms (nannies) often leave their own children and families behind to work in first world countries.  Nannies are taking care of other families and children.  They do this to support their families by sending money back home.  While nannies from the third world depend on families in the first world for jobs, families in the first world now depend on women in the third world to take care of their children.  Many first world families now need nannies in order to survive.  Without a nanny, many woman would not be able to work because they would need to take care of their children.  Now that they can rely on nannies from third world countries, woman can go out and make money to support their families.  First world countries are now relying on third world countries.

I work in Great Neck, Long Island as a tutor/ babysitter.  When I take the children to the park, I am the ONLY babysitter there who is not a nanny from a third world country.  There are no moms at the park like when I was young.  Most children are there with a nanny who speaks little or no English. 

The Wealth Gap:

Women of color are faced with a double consciousness (as WEB Dubois would call it).  Not only are they oppressed because they are woman, but they are also of color.  Women of color earn an extremely disproportionate amount of wealth compared to white women and men of color.  The gap of wealth between women of color and others is shocking.  Even though on average, women of color earn more college degrees than men of color, the women still accumulate less wealth.  Even though some women of color have jobs which pay a decent salary (income), they do not hold jobs that include fringe benefits.  Men of color often hold jobs that include fringe benefits which allows them to accumulate wealth.  This is one reason that women of color have less wealth, on average, than men of color.  I always knew there was a wealth gap, however, these numbers were alarming.  If woman continue to have jobs where they do not receive fringe benefits, they will have less wealth to pass down from generation to generation.  This creates an endless cycle of low wealth among woman of color.  As suggested by Marico Chang, steps need to be taken to fix this gap.  Once suggestion was that we need to shift policies to create wealth creation instead of income creation.  This is one recommendation that could help to close the wealth gap.  Steps must be taken to close this gap.

Blog 3 on Organized Crime

Sunday, March 27th, 2011

Interview with Journalist Charles Bowden:

When I first started listening to Charles Bowden speak about all the murders occurring in Juarez Mexico, I was a little confused what this had to do with globalization.  While what is happening is horrible, I figured this was an unusual and unfortunate circumstance which was occurring in Juarez Mexico.  Like the interviewer, I didn’t see why Bowden viewed what is happening in Juarez as a “snapshot of the future” for other cities.  However, as Bowden continued it became clear and understandable why he would think this way.  People in Juarez are poor and unemployed.  Many people in Juarez do not even have running water or electricity.  Many people do not have homes.  They do not have public schools.  People are out of control because their surroundings and therefore lives are out of control.  Many people are in gangs.  Police forces on all levels have stepped in and have forcefully and violently been enforcing laws. People in Juarez are not being treated well.  Bowden believes that too many people in the world are being treated like those in Juarez.  Therefore, Juarez is an example of what cities, which are similar to Juarez, will soon look like.  The world should take the city of Juarez as an example of what happens when workers are paid too little, jobs are scarce and the government doesn’t make sure people are supplied with the necessary structure needed to thrive.  Looking at the global economy today, Bowden’s suggestions are frightening.  Too many people, in too many cities, in too many countries, are being treated like the people in Juarez.  This segment got me thinking, maybe Bowden is right.  Maybe it is just a matter of time people chaos and massive murdering strikes these cities too.

Drug Growers- Pakistan

The Holy War in Pakistan is such a “sticky” situation.  While hashish and opium are part of the culture of the Pashtun tribe, it is causing many problems for Pakistan.  One in eleven boys over the age of fifteen are drug addicts in Pakistan!  These numbers are staggering.  I believe that it is the government’s job to protect the people.  The Pakistan government must step in and stop the growing of opium.  It is affecting the lives of too many Pakistani citizens.  The farmers of this opium depend on Pakistani citizens to buy and consume the opium.  They are selling to those outside of the Pashtun tribe and therefore should be forced to put an end to growing opium.  To make matters worse, farmers want to be compensated for their loss, if they are forced to stop growing opium. It is in the best interest of Pakistan and other countries to help switch crop growing from drugs to goods wanted by other countries.  The opium is being exported all over the world, not just to Pakistan.  The war is unfortunate but necessary to protect the people of Pakistan and control drug production and use.

October 26 / Political Globalization: Reorganizing the World

Monday, October 25th, 2010

  Three sources of tension spoken about in chapter 28 are; Reduced barriers to trade and investment accentuate the asymmety between groups that can cross international borders and those that can not. This category mostly involves the upper skilled working class. They have to meet work damands and fight for wages. The second is GL engenders conflicts within and between nations over domestic and the cosial institutions  that embody them. As one econmy (who has advancemnts in techonoligy) increases, other economies who have different vaules and ideeas start tocompete to keep up with the market. GL is able to spread trade across the world with different levels of development. The third would be, GL has made it exceedingly difficult for government to provide social insurance- one of their central functions and one that has helped maintain social cohesion and domestic political support for ongoing liberalization throughout the power period.  Governments have been very invovled in using their power to protect domestic groups from market risks which could potentially lead to disaster. The government is the only people who play a role in protecting groups. The family,  rekigious groups and the surroundign community help with insurance.

Policymakerrs sort out economic and social objectives, free trade policies are not automatically entitled  to first priority. To get rid of social concerns one hundred percent to male liberalization a priority doesnt make sense.  now, tariff and no tarrif trade products are at a lower level, this is the effect of multilateral trade liberalization.

In chapter 34 they talk about power shift. It starts out stating that the end of the cold war didnt bring adjustment but it redistibuted power among states, markets and cicil society. National government is now sharing powers such as political, social and security roles. Wars will never dissapear, but they and nuclear arsenals will fade. NGO’s are quicker than government to respond to new demands and opportunities, whether it be poor or rich society (depending on the funding that is).