Archive for the ‘May 10/Cultural Globalization & Resisting Globalization’ Category

Blog #2 The Christian Revolution: Philip Jenkins Jaewon Choi

Wednesday, May 11th, 2011

As stated in this article, most recently majority of Christians have lived in White nations or “European Christian” civilization. However, over the past century its new member growth takes place in the regions to Africa, Asia, and Latin America. A typical contemporary Christian is a woman living in a village in Nigeria or Brazil.  The worldwide growth of Christianity will boom in the current century and will be non-white or non-European based believers.

The era of Western Christianity is in decline and emerging Southern Christianity at present. The obvious difference between the older and newer churches in that Southern Christians are far more conservative in terms of beliefs and moral teaching. Southern Christianity has very strong ties to supernatural orientation and by far more interested in personal salvation than radical politics. Therefore the future of dominant churches will have more commonality with those of medieval or early modern European times.  However, the centers of troubled states are weak so are their citizens’ political loyalties that importance of their religious beliefs takes over for its lack of solidity and security. Both Muslim and Christian will define identities through their religious affiliation. The new southern Christianity could find unity in common religious beliefs and when it develops powerful Christian identity in culture and politics will want and aspire to some sort of global unity.

The newer churches the Bible can be read with any authenticity and immediacy to Southern Christians. As a large part of the Bible, Old and New Testaments, addresses the sufferings of God’s people in the face of evil secular authorities. Millions of Christians worldwide live in constant danger of persecution or forced conversion, from government or local vigilantes, modern Christians in Nigeria, the Sudan, or Indonesia. In varied situations, ordinary believers are forced to understand why their conditions in suffering are relevant to their present life of massacres and expulsion. Unlike in the West, the danger of some angry letters to local newspapers, but it can lead to bloodshed and massacre.  In these societies, The New Testament warnings about humility and discretion not just Christian virtues, they can make the difference between life and death.

Blog #5 – Inside American Islam / Face Veil Ban

Monday, May 9th, 2011

I believe that many Americans misunderstand Muslims and their religion. Due to U.S. media and propaganda, many Americans are quite confused regarding the clear difference between Muslims and those who have committed acts of terror on our country. After 9/11, our country drastically changed. The mass hysteria created around Muslims and Islam by the use of terrorists has truly had a large impact on our country by dividing many.

In the audio, “Inside American Islam,” Akbar Ahmed discusses his anthropological knowledge and his experience of visiting 100 mosques around America. Akbar Ahmed states that because Americans are living in times of rapid change and crisis, by adding a sense of fear and uncertainty, such a catalyst could raise havoc. The catalyst he is referring to is the building of mosques all around our country and the uproar coming from Americans who are not in favor of these mosques being built.

Tariq Ramadan and Resa Aslan are also mentioned in this audio. They each discuss their views on the ignorance around the Muslim community. After 9/11, a gap has opened up between Muslims and Non-Muslims. Muslims either feel angry or scared due to the violence seen around mosques in the U.S. Because Islam remains unknown to most Americans, their insecurities and fears regarding the religion continues.

Tariq Ramadan also discusses this issue in the regard to face veils. In the video about banning the face veil, Tariq Ramadan states his beliefs regarding women wearing face veils and how the government should not have any involvement regarding the issue. Ramadan believes that the government/state should not be able to decide. The issue of allowing women to wear face veils is more of a political issue over anything else. Ramadan states that many women who wear veils decide to do so on their own, not because it is being forced.

Cultural Globalization and Resisting Globalization

Monday, November 29th, 2010

In Chapter 46 Jenkins explains how Christianity is not only surviving but actually expanding.   I agree with him this because Christianity has visibly become diverse.  In my Church one can see a variety of ethnic backgrounds spread amongst the rows of pews.  According to Jenkins Christianity is not only growing in the global north but as well as the southern regions of the world.  Due to this change it has effectively changed the perception of the previous version of a Christian.  He also says that back then Christianity was thought to be only the un-black, un-poor, and un-young.  When I first read this I was shocked because I always viewed religion as a comforting zone of acceptance.  I never thought that society could even try to mold religion into a certain stereotype.  No matter how hard I tried to visualize a modern Christian, I couldn’t come up with any one type of person.  I’ve been exposed all my life to many different types of Christian followers.  When it comes to religion, I believe that it should be the one special place where your ethnicity, age, sex, political view or financial status does not matter.  In The Christian Revolution, Jenkins writes that if we follow the Marxist view of religion then one would conclude that religion will disappear as long as society progresses.  Jenkins doesn’t agree with that belief and neither do I.  In the united states alone Christianity is booming amongst professionals and highly technologically oriented people.  This fact alone argues with the belief that Christianity grows more in numbers amongst the poor and uneducated.

In Ethan Watters Article, he states that a group of anthropologists and cross-country psychiatrists have found evidence that culture, environment and time can spark new and unique mental illness to its habitants.  For example in some Southeastern Asian countries Men experience a moment of murderous rage followed by insomnia.  This is called Koro.  I find this type of information very interesting because my younger brother is diagnosed with Autism.  Autism is a mental disorder that has yet to have a concrete reason as to why a child develops this condition.  I recall a time when I read an article that said certain countries have a very low increase in autistic diagnoses per year.  It brought up the question of “is the culture/environment a factor to this mental disorder?
Professor Mehta’s experiment shows that we show more sympathy to those how have become mentally ill through life experiences than to those who have become mentally ill through bio-medical/genetic abnormalities.  Reading that saddens me because regardless of how you fallen ill mentally, they should all be shown the same kind of benevolence from everyone.  Mehta believes that those with Biochemical abnormalities have almost become a different species due to “mental health Literacy”

Environmental Development & World’s Largest Gold and Copper Mine (Memo #4)

Thursday, November 11th, 2010

In chapter 50 “Rio Declaration on Environmental and Development”, has talked about the UN Conference on Environmental and Development which has held at Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992. Environment is a huge issue right now in current Globalization context. As we all are being cautious about environment and global warming issues, we are not more concern about the environmental issues of other countries as well as our owns.

If we look at those principal we can see how much the conference put importance on the environmental issues and social issues. According to principal 1, 3, 4 the conference is talking about how human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development, the right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations, and in order to achieve it environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and can not be considered in isolation from it. So, we can see how much the environment influence the globalization in present days world. In this case, I’d say USA has its law about excessive pollution whereas China, and India don’t have such law. So, they are continuously producing wastage and pollution which not only effecting those countries but also affecting the whole world.

So environmental development indeed is very important not only for the state itself but also globally it is equally important.

In chapter 53, The Amungme, Kamoro & Freeport talks about how indigenous Papuans have resisted the world’s largest gold and copper mine. In order to fight local Papuan resistance in obscurity, the Indonesian government has vigorously obstructed international scrutiny of human rights conditions in the Freeport COW areas. It has repeatedly blocked access by human rights monitors, including the U.N. working group on Arbitrary Detention, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Woman and a joint NGO Indonesian-international independent assessment team. So, we see how COW’s freeport’s included torture, rape, forced resettlement of communities and destruction of housing, churches, and other shelters. Some of this violations- such as those caused by environmental destruction- are the by-products of Freeport’s mining operations. I agree with the author/narrator of this article and see how economic development is also putting an influence in social development as well. The social conditions in many countries has fallen apart with major violence and criminal activities with these economic development movement.

In conclusion, I believe economic development is equally important as the social situation of that country as well. With globalization we became more concern about environmental safety and how one country’s pollution effect all the other countries in the world. Specially the emerging countries who does not follow their environmental condition cause of their economic development. So, social development is also equally important as environmental development.