Archive for the ‘Apr 5/Political Globalization & Cultural Globalization’ Category

Blog Post 1: Thoughts on connections between Austerity and the Ehrenreich & Hochschild piece

Tuesday, April 5th, 2011

In class today we spoke of various social movements and protests that have made headlines within the last few years. We saw young adults protesting rising education fees in the UK, as well as the mass scale protests in Italy following the Irish bailout. Neither of these groups were afraid to use force; we saw groups vandalizing property and physical fighting across lines. The actors in these movements are responding to the European Union’s steps towards enforcing a more austere budget.  Austerity as a political concept revolves around a strict budget. So what’s the problem? Isn’t everyone happy to save some money?

Obviously not. The flow of money within the European Union has resulted in bailouts for some European countries and yet tightened budgets for others. The question of which sectors deserve the smallest cuts is a highly contested one in the EU at this time. It also applies around the world.  Who is really feeling the effects of these global money transfers? Who’s suffering?

“We are seeing serious disparities between the rich and the poor globally” is an absolutely true macrolevel statement. It reflects a theme popping up frequently in our class. We’ve read case studies and articles on this idea when we discussed economic globalization.Ehrenrich and Hochschild examine this theme on a more micro scale by looking at countries and cases (i.e. a woman from Sri Lanka) instead of operationalizing globally.

One thing that I am taking away from the Ehrenreich and Hochschild piece “Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy” is that most of the suffering in the world is endured by hidden populations. There are millions of women like Josephine who have had to migrate to find work due to economic displacement. Female migrants have moved to more developed capitalist and capitalist-like nations to find work. Where did they gain employ? The title of the piece is self-explanatory. Ehrenreich and Hochschild describe in their article the  “private ‘indoor’ nature of so much of the new migrant’s work” (532). The greater millions who are benefiting from this cheap migrant labor, why would they want to let go?

Cornel West spoke on the importance of recognizing and listening to suffering peoples in his address to a leftist forum. He urged his audience to show courage in standing up against inequality and injustice. He lectured on solidarity and being a catalyst. I really admire his message, and believe it is truth. We can’t all make a BIG difference in the world, and realistically not all us will. But if we can do little things everyday to contribute positively (or at least be a positive force in our own lives or the lives of others), then the effects are bound to be felt somewhere.

blog post 2 Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy

Tuesday, April 5th, 2011

Reading this article opened my eyes. Being in a sheltered community my whole life, I never had the opportunity to even hear anything that had to do with these poor women from these countries that had to change their whole lives in order to make money. Josephine gave up her lively hood and everything good in her life so she could support her children. She went through so much pain and suffering but where did it get her? Her children were suffering everyday without her. I am not a mother so I cant put myself in Josephine’s position but I think that it must have been really hard to live in poverty that she was willing to leave her children so they wouldn’t have to live like that. Her daughter Norma suffered the most I think because she was willing to take her own life. When it comes to that point, the person feels that being dead is easier than being alive, which is a direct effect of being left by her mother. No one can judge a mothers choices because they are the ones that know the meaning of true love for their child but I’d hope that there was a better solution than this.

Something that stood out to me in the article was when the Authors stated that women in western countries have started to have more careers and “paid work” and because of that it leads to them needing caretakers for their children. Because of this, women who come from poor countries have a reason to migrate which gives them the chance of coming out of their poverty and not having to live dirt poor anymore. Poverty pushes them to a point where, like Josephine, they have to give up their whole life, and more.

Along with women who are powerful and have money to employ these immigrants, men have even more money and the men in wealthier countries, according to the authors, are directly responsible for the demand for the immigrant sex workers. A reason for wanting the sex workers to be immigrants are because new immigrants take up the least desirable work. They are more likely to just take what they can and thats really unfortunate because that doesn’t mean they aren’t smart or done have more to offer.

Blog #3 Paul Mason, Meltdown. The End of the Age of Greed

Monday, April 4th, 2011

Paul Mason describes his personal view on the financial crisis. He discusses what happens with “neoliberalism”  and how it has become  broken in society. He feels that as the financial crisis carries on, it is easier to put the pieces together. He makes a number of connections to literature and film. He actually has a very effective stage presence. The analogy he uses to describe the poison banks makes it extremely more real and easy to grasp. Although I am not familiar with the names he mentions, he is able to describe everything they believe in. He talks about global trade falling apart due to a decrease in the global distribution system. Once it hits the state, it becomes more real. Bailouts become more apparent and noticable. He refers to the London Conference of 2006 as a starting point of the crisis. States were not strong enough to handle this. Countries began depending on the American system. States went straight to American markets. Mason claims that this too helped cause the global financial crisis. He says that American politics are being torn apart because the global economy relied on America to help them, although we probably were not able to even help ourselves. Heavy taxes and the loss of homes began increasing worldwide. Mason constantly refers to the “acid” that caused the crisis in regards to poison from the alien he described earlier in his discussion. Due to this, globalization is being destroyed. Perhaps it is also because of neoliberalism. In my opinion I strongly believe that Paul Mason might want to go back in time and handle economics differently. “The Banks didnt act in their own interest”, this makes me think about whose interest they were acting in. Lehman Brothers blew their bank up. They sat back and let things happen. Whatever they were doing behind doors clearly ruined them. This reminds me of something; as soon as Lehman Brothers fell, the New York Hall of Science (where I work) removed them from their corporate list. This now makes sense to me. Lehman Brothers employees were storming in showing their I.D’s attempting to get in for me. Not anymore my friends. Simple because once the bank fell, they stopped giving money to the museum. I really enjoy listening to Paul Mason. His enthusiasm makes it enjoyable and he speaks with honesty. Perhaps after the financial crisis, the age of greed will come to an end. After the fall so many major players in the global elite, this is what they deserve. Paul Mason critiques neoliberalism towards the end of the phase. He clearly does not believe in it. The more banks offer bailouts, the more bigger the hole gets. All these banks seem to be making matters worse once they issue a bailout, due to insurance and rates. Regardless of the the big fancy words Paul Mason uses, his points are clear.

Blog 4 on Political Globalization: Gender, Race, and Citizenship

Monday, April 4th, 2011

Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy:

Women from first world countries must work now, more than ever.  Most men no longer make enough money to support an entire family.  Increased divorce rates also force many women to work.  If women are working full time, who is watching the kids, cooking and cleaning?  A “second mommy” is often needed in first world country families where moms work full time.  These second moms come from third world countries.  Second moms (nannies) often leave their own children and families behind to work in first world countries.  Nannies are taking care of other families and children.  They do this to support their families by sending money back home.  While nannies from the third world depend on families in the first world for jobs, families in the first world now depend on women in the third world to take care of their children.  Many first world families now need nannies in order to survive.  Without a nanny, many woman would not be able to work because they would need to take care of their children.  Now that they can rely on nannies from third world countries, woman can go out and make money to support their families.  First world countries are now relying on third world countries.

I work in Great Neck, Long Island as a tutor/ babysitter.  When I take the children to the park, I am the ONLY babysitter there who is not a nanny from a third world country.  There are no moms at the park like when I was young.  Most children are there with a nanny who speaks little or no English. 

The Wealth Gap:

Women of color are faced with a double consciousness (as WEB Dubois would call it).  Not only are they oppressed because they are woman, but they are also of color.  Women of color earn an extremely disproportionate amount of wealth compared to white women and men of color.  The gap of wealth between women of color and others is shocking.  Even though on average, women of color earn more college degrees than men of color, the women still accumulate less wealth.  Even though some women of color have jobs which pay a decent salary (income), they do not hold jobs that include fringe benefits.  Men of color often hold jobs that include fringe benefits which allows them to accumulate wealth.  This is one reason that women of color have less wealth, on average, than men of color.  I always knew there was a wealth gap, however, these numbers were alarming.  If woman continue to have jobs where they do not receive fringe benefits, they will have less wealth to pass down from generation to generation.  This creates an endless cycle of low wealth among woman of color.  As suggested by Marico Chang, steps need to be taken to fix this gap.  Once suggestion was that we need to shift policies to create wealth creation instead of income creation.  This is one recommendation that could help to close the wealth gap.  Steps must be taken to close this gap.

Nov 2nd Blog

Monday, November 1st, 2010

Audio-“Following Up:  Haiti Recovery Economics”

I found the audio clip by Brian Lehrer very interesting because for once, we hear the side of the Haitians, rather than just hearing our own countries views and praise. After the earthquake in Haiti, most of the focus was on donations to help the victims who were affected by the earthquake. This audio clip points blame on Red Cross saying that a lot of the money that was donated was kept by Red Cross and not for the use of helping Haiti because they believed Haiti does not have the capacity to handle the aid. A guest speaker brought up a good point saying how in order for Haiti to stand up by itself after the help it has received, their own local people need to be trained and educated properly. If Haiti spends more money than they would have on building roads that are constructed from foreign countries, than they should be taught how to manage and care for these roads so that the money extra money spent on these roads will last. Also, he says about building hospitals- what’s the point of building a new hospital if there will be no workers there? Haitians need to be able to perform these tasks and need to have a contract with outside people that they need to train local Haitians. The speaker says this process will take time and money will be spent in not the most efficient way, but I believe this is money worth spending because atleast this will offer long-term jobs to the locals, rather than giving jobs to people who do not reside in the country. I also believe instead of giving Haiti money that half the time, we don’t know who its going to, we should give something that can actually be used in front of our own eyes; have a donation in which the money goes to helping build roads, schools, job opportunities, etc.. in order to help their economy grow so that one day, they will be able to pick themselves up.

“Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy”

In the article “Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy”, the author talks about how in Europe, many women migrate to different countries to provide services, such as the title suggests, nannies, maids and sex workers. These women leave their families in their home countries with relatives such as mothers, sisters etc. in order to go to richer countries to make money and send it back to their families.  Years back in America, the breadwinner of the household was always sought out to the father. Women would stay home and take care of their children, while the men were working long hours to provide a meal and a roof over the families head. Shift over to modern day times and we see how in many cases, women are the primary provider of the household finances, or the family cannot survive without the help of a second income.

I find it fascinating how even in Europe, women are not only the caretakers of the house, but also the main financial providers for their families. Women have to leave everything they have in order to make a better life not for themselves, but for their families living in poverty at home. So many people take for granted their commute for work- such as a railroad, or a bus ride; these women have to travel to different countries and go for months without seeing their families in order to provide the bare minimum.

Ch. 34 & 35

Monday, November 1st, 2010

Mathews’ article, Power Shift, takes an optimistic view on nongovernmental organizations (NGO).  There has been a big shift from state power to NGOs. She says that NGO’s role and influence has exploded in the last half-decade. The reason for this explosion is due to the advances in technology that has connected us to the whole world.  Thanks to computers, internet, fax machines, and cheaper commercial airlines, we can communicate with any part of the world easily.  Some NGOs have more financial resources than for example, the UN for human rights. Falling governments can no longer manage things like health care and education, so NGOs take over. They shape our lives with much needed public support and give more official development assistance.  NGOs were the initiators to combat the issue of global warming and greenhouse gas emissions, before governments did. They are quicker than governments to respond to issues and opportunities.

Bond’s article, The Backlash against NGOs, takes a more pessimistic view on NGOs.  Bond’s article shows the negatives about NGOs outweighing their positives.  Although they are well intentioned, “every NGO has to answer to the people who pay its bills”. NGOs have a high dependency on the media to gain exposure. Things like global warming that affect everyone gets broadcasted but things that are country specific such as nitrate leaching gets ignored.  They need to find other means on raising money and not just depend on the media. They are also known to stretch the truth and make things seem worse than they are so more people will donate. I think we are giving NGOs too much power. Even though they have good intentions and usually do well, there could always be an alternate scheme in the background that we do not see. Corruption occurs everywhere, even in our police department, and it could easily occur in the NGOs.

chapter 34 and Nannies article for Nov 2

Monday, November 1st, 2010

Chapter 34
In this article, “Power Shift,” by Jessica T. Mathews, discuses how the nation-state may be obsolete in the intertwined world. States are sharing powers to define their sovereignty with corporations and international bodies of citizens. The nongovernmental organizations, known at the NOG’s, provides positive and negative outcomes, but they may be a solution that is needed to be found to make sure there are more positive outcomes than negatives. Some positive effects according to Mathews is providing public services for the citizens’ and hearing what they have to say. Some negative characteristics of NGO’s which doesn’t allow us to see if its beneficial or not are including, decreasing power of the state and the control over their government. Also NGO’s can lessen the role of the government, it maybe cause the individuals to lose their sense of their own national identity.
Nannies, maids, and sex workers
In this article “Nannies, maids, and sex workers in the new Economy” by, Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild, talks about how women have in a abusive work place, while women from the third whole countries are trying to make a rich like for their children and family. In the third world countries the women are ether divorced and going to work, while they have a nanny at home taking care of the house, or the women are going to different countries leaving their kids at home to go out and make an income. I think having a nanny helps a lot of you have a job. You have less things to worry about, you can go to work and come home to a clean house and all the chores in the house is done.

Post for November 2nd class

Monday, November 1st, 2010

Some woman thrive on being able to work everyday and earn a paycheck that allows them an exquisite lifestyle, while other woman have no choice but to work because they have to support their children and maintain a household on their own, with no husband. In this article ; ” Nannies, made and sex workers in the New Economy” we kind of a see a nes trend and it seems as if it goes in a cirlce. Third world country women are migariting to other countries to take care of children and household duties for women who are working and are divored, or just have no time to do it all. These chilren are now being left to grow up with a nanny and not their real mother. Yet at the same time, the women from the third world country are leaving their children at home as well, so they can receive some sort of income and are leaving the parenting to family members, while sending money back home. the article states that is is almost impossible to raise a family, maintain a home and manage an income while living at home with those children. Women are now able to work more and also work in male domintated industries.

The article also goes on to talk about,  while these third world women are migrating to maintaine a better materialistic life for their children, other migrating women get caught up in  abusive employment. At times these women are captured and forced to work for free and even forced to work in brothals, as sex slaves.  Society no longer looks at having a made as back in the day with the white uniform they would were, they are now unspoken about and invisible to guests and outside family members. “Women should do it all”, they are suppossed to work a 9 to 5, come home, cook, clean and tend to the children.  It’s harder than it seems, which is where the nannies come into play. While the mother is at work the nannies are at home making the home perfect for the guests and bathign the children, when it comes time for the guests to arrive they see this picture perfect house and family, while the maids/nannies are no where to be found.  They go un recognized most of the time.

CULTURAL GL I The Role Of Media

Gloabliaztion is recognized by everyone. We have certain things here in one society that another society across the worl can understand, like spoken before in previous classes McDonalds, or pepsi and cocacola. Everyone has the same understanding of what they are. Media , to me, is soemthing that ‘spreads the word” . you can turn on tv and see soemthign taking place around the world, if we didnt have tv how would we learn about events taking place so quick?  But to every possitive there is a negative, what would be a poor outcome of media and broadcasting? There needs to be some type of restrictions on certain things, like on western cultural propagation, and aid should flow to the former colnies to imporve their nascent communication systems.  With news being spread so rapidly across thw orld, certain organizations took over, with this it seems that a bias was made. Were the small countires and societies being pushed into the dark?

Chapter 34 and 35 by eric laboy

Sunday, October 31st, 2010

Power Shift

The shift from state power to NGO’s is becoming more and more common in developing countries. The governments lack the resources to provide their citizens with adequate services, and this is when NGO step in with assistance. Although they are quicker in responding to opportunities and public services, they still have their own agenda. I feel it is in the best interest of the nation states to put a limit to the amount of influences NGO’s have on government. They still risk loosing control over their government to privately owned organizations. The way I see it NGO’s are funded by companies and other groups, so they must answer to those people who pay the bills. That leaves it wide open for corruption and lack of a voice for the people.

The Blacklash against NGO’s

The problem with NGO’s as I stated above is that they are special interest, meaning they have their own agenda. NGO’s make decisions and rarely have to worry about their image to the people. They have no ties to the citizens of that country and therefore could care less about the impact of their decisions. As stated in the article NGO’s have been known to tell lies about facts in order to great a bigger impact. An example of that would be when Norway was being accused of making whales extinct, when in fact they were hunting minke.  NGO’s in my opinion is going to become a problem with developing countries, and now more then ever with the technology in which we have today. It will be easier for NGO’s to communicate with other people around the world, and they will have a bigger impact on weak governments. The decline of nation states seems more and more likely with groups with special interest like NGO’s.

Haiti: Recovery Economics—Brian Lehrer Show

Friday, October 29th, 2010

I have a love/hate relationship with NPR. In many instances they bring on guests, like in this piece, who bring great new contributions to the general NPR-listening audience. Nevermind that these ideas (like Dependency theory, in this case) have been floating around for DECADES… but still, I can appreciate the effort. The ‘hate’ part of the relationship comes in when I see NPR intentionally stop the discourse from ever evolving into a revolutionary and more radical discussion for fundamental justice.

In this piece Lehrer’s guests correctly identify the money and the NGO’s as part of the problem. Yet the show will not allow the next logical conclusion to be made: this is done not my a complex evolution of the circumstance and through human error, but by purposeful intent of neo-colonization. The prevailing assumption here is that colonization is over. That these problems can simply be reformed. Bullshit. The evidence is even in this program. The guests spell it out for you to make these same conclusions but for matters of decency and to avoid the flak, I suppose, these guests limit themselves and the audience from reaching the more honest and radical assessment. To this end NPR is utterly worthless. NPR is the guy/girl who says the right things but who never commits. On the other hand, Fox News is the trashy fling that you know is no good but is still good for a cheap thrill.

response to 34 and 28

Thursday, October 28th, 2010

In the article “Power Shift” the author discusses how national governments are losing autonomy and sharing powers with NGO’s. The author states that a main rise of the non state actors (NGO’s) is the computer and telecommunication revolution, and that this weakens the ties between people and their nations. He states how fax machines and internets connect us across borders, yet our own ties here at home are weakening. He also states that this disrupts hierarchies and spreads power among more and more people. Having power in the hands of too many people can cause many problems.
There are however, many upsides to NGOs. For example, they are quicker than governments to respond to new ddemands and opportunities. When adequatley funded they can outperform government in the delivery of many social problems. I think this is especially true because there are so many NGO’s that are trying to help/fight the issues that are going on in Africa. He also states that with the spread of expanding power it can avoid overly burdening taxation, which most governments succummb to. This is also very true because we keep seeing how taxes are being placed on more and more items, and the rates are going up.
There are many downsides too to NGOs. The author states how NGOs sometimes just focus on a particular interest, instead of having a strong voice for the common good. He also states how since NGO’s weaken the states, that there will be a lot of conflict.
I agree with both the pros and the cons because both of them support what is best for society as a whole. The pros of NGO’s limit the role of taxation from one prime government, yet the downsides is that since there is more power spread around the nation, conflict can arise, and that is not good for society what so ever.

This leads into how many people believe that GL has gone way too far. The author of chp 28 discusess why he supports this idea. He states how globalization fundamentally transforms the employment relationship because their barganing power erodes so workers can receive lower wages and benefits. This is not fair, and if lower wages are being offered this will inevitable increase the inequality within the country. Also, more workers can be easily substituted, ie, child labor in hondouras displaces workers in south carolina. People are losing their jobs because people can get them elsewhere,for cheaper. This idea sounds great for the manufacturer, however, it doesnt help the individual. The author states how globalization has mde it difficult for governments to provide social insurance. GL allows governments the option of increasing tax rates disproportionately on labor income. I believe that GL does benefit many people, but at the same time it does more or less screw over the underdog. So the question of “has globalzation gone too far” depends on who we are talking about, because for many, they benefit from it, but it has gone too far for that underdog.

The Decling Authority of States & Global Organized Crime by Ramin Mahgerefteh

Tuesday, October 26th, 2010

According to Susan Strange, “There will be power struggles between branches of the state of bureaucracy. Both the unity and the authority of government is bound to suffer”.  The government may be the last to recognise that they and their ministers have lost the authority over national societies and economies that they used to have.  People no longer believe the government.  She believes that the time has come to consider a few of the entrenched ideas of some academic colleagues in economics, politc, sociology and international relations.  She argues her point with the neglected factor of technology and the neglect of finance.

Now a days technology has rapidly change over the past 100 years.  It has made things convienet, simplier and faster.  “There is no reason to suppose that technological change in products and processes, drvien by profit, will not continue to accelerate in future”, is a very important and efficent point that Susan strange points out.  Technology is a huge part of the global economy.  technology will change the future.  “Besides the acceleration pace of technology change, there has been an escalation in the capital cost of most technology innovations in agriculture, manufactoring and the provision of services, in the new product and in new proccess”.  This is a great point, many countries have inputs of capital rising and has lobar falling.

The idea of the criminalization and the rise of the state as a courtesan was that the role of the state is to balance and restrain the passions of its citizens.  Globalization of organized crime weakens the very basis of government and constrains its capacity.   “criminals elements do not seek to take over the state, they are obviously not revolutionary movements seeking sizes its apparatuses”, said author James H. Mittelman.  criminal groups are a source of social organization.  they challenge the power and authprity of the state to impose its standards.  Media always has one sided conflict when war occurs.  States is less autonomous with diminshed ability to control the borders.

Global Organized Crime

Tuesday, October 26th, 2010

Perhaps one of the more enlightening chapters so far, this reading goes further in laying out the new ground rules all social scientists must now ponder when thinking about world politics. Mittelman holds no punches in his analysis and does not merely deem the state less relevant, like Strange did, but also relegated to the role of  ‘courtesan’.  Brilliant.What better way to describe entities who continually allow themselves to be used by the highest bidder and yet still try to exude a sense of legitimacy?

The role of the Transnational Corporations as criminal elements is hardly new. Yet, while comparing them to actual criminal syndicates, like the Triads, on the basis of they operate across jurisdictions, often with impunity, the author reaches the conclusion that the state’s former claims of territoriality should be called into question. Obviously the author himself has already done so, but the answer is still elusive. Another question that needs to be addressed is whether the state should be upgraded from mere ‘courtesan’ to “accomplice” and perhaps even to criminal levels. The current “War On Terror” is an example of a state, the US, acting like a transnational and operation across traditional jurisdictions. In fact, pioneering the extent to how much a state can operate on the global stage… all in the name of security.

The Blacklash against NGOs & Has Globalization Gone Too Far? By Ramin Mahgerefteh

Monday, October 25th, 2010

Michael Bond purpose that, “as the finance and production became more global and increasily important decions are taken at an international level, where there is no political machinery to deal with citizens, NGOs (non-govenmental oranisations) are filling the “”democratic deficit”””.  When the internet was founded, it had a huge impacted of the effectivness of the NGO’s.  It help with communication, world link ups,  time/money and deals with other countries.  NGO’s are growing through the country and rising.  They control plenty of budgets that are extremly high in volume.  These member are all spread out across the country.  These program covers three main areas; human rights, development, and the enviroment.  It can also be more effective with the media and the public.  One of the single issue problems is that they cliam to speak for the public, but their main responsibility is always to themselves.  NGO’s has a great responsibility, there work derects to the worlds poorest people.

“NGO’s are trying to take the place of the government.  They are trying to show that the old colonisers are really interested in the people after all;  that they can bring water today wheras the government can only give you a well tommrow”.  I disagree with this statement that Michael Bond said.  NGO might look like there taking over the goverment but some organizations or great to use for the world such as the red cross.  The government can send help when a devestation occurs in a part of the world, but the red cross is there to help and raise money and to have hope for the people.

“The process that has come to called globalization is exposing s deep fault line between groups who have the skills and mobility to flourish in global moarkets and those who either don’t have these advantages or perceive the expansion of inregulated markets as inimical to social stability and deeply help norms” said Dani Rodik.  He focuses on three sources of tension; reduce barriers to trade and investment between the cross international borders,  conflicts withen and between nations over norms and social institutions, diffficult for goverment to provide social insurance, and the role of national goverment.

Rodik has suggested that globalization has gone to far,  which maybe be true, but I disagree.  I don’t believe that globalization can ever go to far.  Goverment should play a large role in a comapny to country everything established in the country.  They mainttain the flow of economy.

Orbis Unum! & Modern Day Globalization

Thursday, October 7th, 2010

“Orbis Ununm” a Latin word that means “One world,”  or something we call today “Globalization.” After reading Joseph E. Stiglitz writing on Globalization, I have come to know many other facts and effects of globalization, I was unaware of. Although I disagree some of his contents, but he has succeed to draw a somewhat perfect picture of globalization before the reader’s eyes.

In many countries, globalization has brought huge benefits to a few and few benefits to many. The difference is enormous between these countries. Using the same globalization, some country has took the full advantage of it, while most countries has failed to utilize it, whatever the reason is.  Globalization is a concept which can work perfectly in an “Utopia,” but we do not live in such world, not all countries are equal, and have same systems. Some countries are full with corrupt government, and some have huge manpower, while some countries have tremendous amount of resources and almost no corruption. The differences between the countries is so big that one system or method can not work properly among all these countries. Countries like China, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore have grown fast and done most reduce poverty by taking advantage of global market. But at the same time countries like Chile and major African nations have yet to be developed and take advantage of globalization.

Some might say they hate this whole concept of globalization. But if you think it deep, the system itself is not at fault. The concept of globalization and global market is more of helping each other and make a better developed world together, instead of making my country better then yours throughout a trade. For example lets look at China’s manpower, not long ago people of China were starving to death. There was no job, no monetary help from other countries either. With globalization, the world get to know this vast manpower country and their ability to produce. As a result thousands of jobs get created over night and mass production starts. With global market, those produced goods get chance to be traded overseas. Now, one might argue that even though those goods were selling higher prices at the overseas countries Chinese workers were not getting paid enough. But if you think it again, its certainly better then starving to death with no job. The system of globalization has worked almost perfectly here, but the people who are using it has spoiled it by paying less to those workers and taking advantage of their poor state.

Government stability and corruption are other two major facts which is very important in globalization. No matter how much you try to use it, if you have a corrupt government the country is most likely to remain under developed. In that case, globalization should not be blamed but that country’s government’s instability and corruptions.

I believe the concept of globalization or “one world” has been created to build one peaceful developed world together, not to be selfish and think only one or few countries development. Today, we are not accepting globalization gladly. But the question is, does globalization should be blamed or people who are misusing this concept to gain themselves.

Now, I will talk about modern day globalization. Today many undeveloped countries market has thrived because of  Globalization. Countries with billions of people without job has got help from other foreign investors, who came to that country and invested which has created loads of job opportunities for others. The opposite scenario we can think of Africa where the people are getting poor and poorer because their natural resources are being transported to different countries through this globalization. Today the topic globalization has both positive and negative effects. The poor countries coming with argument that they can not compete with already developed countries. For this reason, many countries has adopted the quota policy. They are bound to import a certain numbers of certain product from certain country at certain price. So, the poor country can have some opportunity to sell their products despite the price war.

Modern day globalization is like a magic, if you can use it right way, then everything will turn into good way if not, the world’s poverty will not decrease.