Archive for the ‘Media & Sovereignty Report – Assignment # 2’ Category

Assignment #2: Media and Sovereignty

Friday, April 29th, 2011

“Biblical stories of spies entering the Promised Land predate the present revolutionary technologies of boundary penetration and surveillace”. Monroe E. Price describes with this the feeling of threat that comes as a side effect with every new technology for transmitting information. The Internet poses this great feeling of threat with the double-sided idea of it being a “technology of freedom”. Price tells us that this idea is held precisely because of the Internets ability to overwhelm boundaries thus, being the key to the spread of democracy. Is this spread of democracy through the Internet really advocating freedom through technology though? The violation of privacy does not make this seem so “free”.

Price emphasizes that what is being written and celebrated on the Internet is meant to “weaken national controls over information and cultural images within their borders”. This is consistent with the promotion of human rights and democratic values. Which brings us to the historic problem of periodical demands for freedom and concern over content.

According to Fox News in “Spokeo a Growing “Threat to Internet Privacy, Cyber Security Experts Warn”, Spokeo which is a popular information-gathering website, is allowing for ANYONE to get personal information which can be therefore used for malicious acts. Information includes: your income, religion, spouse’s name, credit status and the number of people in your household. Not to mention, the satellite view of your house (powered by Google) and an estimated value included with it. This website makes it easy to pull out info from state and federal bases, including hundreds of social-networking sites and you can do it all at under the price of $3.

As unethical as Spokeo is, it is still up and running and available to the public. This opens the door to criminals committing acts like identity theft, causing harm to innocent individuals. The FTC has tried to stop the service but failed to do so as not everything shown on the website is accurate. As we all know not to trust everything we see from the Internet, this becomes true with Spokeo but this does not make it right because either way it is controlling information that is being shown and in turn, it controls that individual by threatening their privacy.

Assignment #2 Threatening the Status Quo: Wikileaks as the thorn in the side of TNCC

Thursday, April 28th, 2011

The era of colonialism is over, or rather it has transformed: We now live in an age of neo-colonialism. This new system of colonialism substitutes hard power (military and political control) with something much more transient and much more subversive. These days the weapon of choice for those in power is mass media. When did this change occur?

We can see the media and telecommunications industries’ rise to power as early as after the Cold War ,with the rapid decolonization that marked the period. New states began developing in Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. The West and European powers saw these new territories as the perfect markets in which to introduce capitalist systems. The western superpowers used globalizing telecommunications systems and television pop culture to spread western values, like instant gratification and consumption. As Lechner and Boli pointed out in their introduction to Part VII, “the expanded mass media fit neatly with the spread of global capitalism.”

Once the 80s rolled around, simulated imagery really took off. More countries began producing their own media outlets, from film to new and TV, though some are undoubtedly still modeled after western media (consider telenovelas and Bollywood). Now we cannot imagine a world without TV, the internet, and our cellphones.

In his article “Media and Sovereignty”, Monroe E. Price seeks to explain the dialectic attitude of the West towards media and geographic borders (the basis for most state power). He wrote:  “It is vital to examine the complexities and contradictions in Western attitudes toward unmediated distribution of information, the historic problem of oscillating between demand for freedom and concern over content…at the same time that the function of the state and its capacity to describe and enforce law is brought into doubt, law-making and invocation of the need and power to control imagery increase”(307).

I can think of no better example than WikiLeaks, and the highly controversial acts of information dissemination that positioned them right in the cross hairs of the US government. It was intriguing to see how the US dealt with this situation. After all, we are always calling for transparency in government. What we ended up seeing was a paradox. As reporting on the controversy developed, we saw how US government tried everything it could to shut WikiLeaks down.

WikiLeaks released information detailing US involvement with assassination attempts condoned and planned by foreign governments on public officials, energy scandals, financial scandals, war crimes, and diplomatic cables. (US officials want desperately to criminally prosecute WikiLeaks creator Julian Assange for theft of government property, to say the least, but he has so far evaded prosecution.) That is not to say the government did not find a target. The US government is currently holding US Army soldier Bradley Manning, accused of first leaking documents to Assange, at the military base Quantico in conditions allegedly akin to torture. What little news the public has of him is that he is required to stand for hours at a time and barely given clothing or food. He has been there since March 2010 and ‘official’ accounts of his are condition are sparse.

Price also wrote of the “market for loyalties” to describe state control and power, where “large scale-competitors for power…use the regulation of communications to organize a cartel of imagery and identity among themselves”(307). Another case I found to relate to this was the birther controversy stirred by Trump over investigating President Obama’s birth certificate. I believe big businesses, political lobbyists, and political enemies of the President definitely pressured mass media outlets to report heavily on this birther controversy. In that way the TNCC was able to steer the attention of the public to a falsity and propagate this attention for its own benefit.

The WikiLeaks fiasco reminds me of Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers scandal. I’m sure when the Pentagon Papers scandal broke that it was just as highly contested as the WikiLeaks issue is right now. Looking back many journalists are grateful to Ellsberg for the role he played and what it meant for journalists and First Amendment rights. Only time can tell what will happen to WikiLeaks.

Assignment #2 Media and Sovereignty

Thursday, April 28th, 2011

Since the beginning of the new year, media has been a major topic throughout the world. Due solely to the media, America was notified about the revolutionary attacks that began in Egypt earlier this year. Had it not been for facebook or twitter, we would be unaware to what extent the violence had reached. According to Monroe E. Price, in “Media and Sovereignty: The Global Revolution and Its Challenge to State Power” he discusses the overall power of technology and media. It was interesting to read Price’s idea on “media cartel’s”. I often think of cartels as being drug related but who knew there could be media cartel’s too.  There are far too many examples of how media has played a major role in society primarily due to the innovations of technology. Lucky for us Mark Zuckerberg created the next big thing. Could this be the last? Highly doubtful. People are always inventing another way to socially enhance the world. It is hard to grasp the idea of “technologies of freedom” because there are still countries that are struggling to simply have their voices heard without technology. How can they move on to facebook and twitter without being able to voice their opinions. I have taken a great interest in watching documentaries on North Korea. I was even able to explain to my students how limited the citizens of North Korea are.

Since the split of Korea, North Korea has been considered one of the the strictest countries in the world. Not only are they heavily militarized but they have extremely tight regulations on the media. Although the constitution allows freedom of speech and press, the government prohibits a large part of media exploration. North Korea allows the role of press to be present in terms that it is benefiting the evil dictatorship the country is currently under. The transnational corporations in North Korea take pride in their media censorship. This censorship goes as far as limiting students the ability to use computers. It is safe to say that the TNCs in North Korea use media and technology against their citizens. There are strict laws placed on journalist’s that they must follow or else they are harshly punished. There are no private presses allowed in North Korea, any publishing must be done through a news agency called the Korean Central News Agency.

One of the most well known dictators of North Korea, Kim ll-Sung had very strict orders for his people. Often, news is released internationally and withheld from the North Korean population, and other news is released to the people but is not released internationally. Perhaps North Korea has been so used to this type of dictatorship that the people have grown to believe that the outside world is evil. Who knows what really goes on in North Korea, besides the large amounts of nuclear weapons they posses. As much as these citizens are censored, I strongly believe that they would like to be given the chance of seeing how media and technology makes the world go round. Although they are closed off and live tightly under harsh rulers, they too deserve every right to be able to speak freely, post freely, tweet freely, etc. Without this media and sovereignty will never exist for the people of North Korea. There is a missing piece; media that is hidden by the rulers of North Korea. This should change. Perhaps if North Korea was able to tweet and facebook we would know a lot more about what is going on in one of the most militarized and isolated countries in the world.

I included a short clip of a North Korean documentary made by National Geographic to get an idea of the lifesytles of North Koreans. These people are constantly living under threat by their own people. I can’t imagine living this way. Every single thing is controlled by the state. The speaker quickly points out the ban on media, internet, and overall technology.

National Geographic Inside Undercover In North Korea

Assignment #2

Wednesday, April 27th, 2011

The relationship between media and authority is not always clear. Freedom of speech and expression comes into play and creates a fine line that sometimes gets crossed. States have power that doesn’t come by often and isn’t easy to obtain. They use the power they are given to make sure their authority is seen and heard because they need to maintain order. Because people in government are so easily trusted, there are people who don’t give a second thought to the sometimes over bearing, controlling actions government officials take. They create new inventions that make people think they care and are worried about their safely, but at the same time are also serving their own needs.

A perfect example of this is happening in my town, Kings Point (Great Neck), New York. Over the past few months there have been about 10 attempted robberies in my town and the citizens were growing tired of an over-paid police force that wasn’t really doing anything to help. For months, police forces sent helicopters and police cars all over town to find the robber. Because they were unsuccessful and receiving backlash from the people in the community the Kings Point Police decided to add these new advanced cameras that are able to identify every vehicle that goes in and out of town. The devices take pictures of license plates and adds it to the database.

Now, anyone reading this article would be glad that the Kings Point Police were trying to do something to help their town. But someone who has been keeping up to date with the recent news in our town would know that there have also been recent stories of the youth in Great Neck cheating, stealing and dealing with drugs. These police officers are really just trying to save themselves by adding these cameras. The camera are said to read the license plate and be entered into the database, so once its in, the cops have every bit of information on you. Some people would be okay with that but I’m sure that there are those that feel this is effecting their privacy. Is the town using technology to maintain authority and control over citizens? Yes. Is it a bad thing in this case? Not if they catch the bad guys.

Assignment #2 – Media and Sovereignty

Wednesday, April 27th, 2011

“The market is so powerful, technology so ubiquitous, that we are often reminded that the process of law making, especially in the field of media regulation, is like building castles in the sand where complex structures will be forcefully erased by an overwhelming cascade of waves.” (ch. 36, pg 307).  Monroe accumulates the entirety of the effect that the advanced globalization of media has today in every facet of our daily lives in an eloquent but precise manner.  He is absolutely correct that whether from the origination and usage of radio, to the invention of television and now to the internet, that media has caused a sense of global revolution against almost every part of every government of the world.  In the previous election, Barack Obama used successfully the internet and social networking to spread and reinforce his motto of “Change”.  Facebook has become not just a social networking site, but a revolutionary phenomenon for jobs and advertisement.  This upcoming Friday when Prince William will marry Kate Middleton, an unprecedented 2 billion people worldwide will watch.  But how has non-state actors challenged state sovereignty with these technologies of freedom?

One prime example is the case of Egpyt.  Everyone now knows that a youth led revolution was started against Mubarak this year.  The incredible aspect of this case is that the revolutionaries used a non-violent method of mass organization using twitter and facebook.  The government saw this as a direct threat to their sovereignty and even went as far as to shut the internet down.  But the sword of social networking and internet is untamable by a meer shutdown of a switch.  News got out and foreign twitter-ers and facebook advocates sent messages to used newly created ip addresses to get news and video out to the world.  When one ip was shut down, another 5 appeared in its place.  The government eventually succumbed to the fact that shutting down the internet and going against the grain was a pointless battle and “turned on” internet again.

Because of this uprising and the success it had in such a large country, it created a ripple affect in the Arab world, to Yemen, Libya and other countries.  All are using social network and the internet to get their messages across and the governments are helpless in preventing this peaceful revolution from occurring.

Media & Sovereignty Report – Assignment # 2

Wednesday, April 27th, 2011

The power of modern technology and social networking may often seem as a threat to national sovereignty. “Media and Sovereignty: The Global Revolution and Its Challenge to State Power” by Monroe E. Price discusses how the relationship between media and borders is always in transition; especially with new “technologies of freedom.” The article begins with Monroe E. Price stating “…Every new medium, every new technology for transmitting information, causes responses by those who feel threatened…internet, with its silent, abundant ubiquity, seems to be the capstone of this tendency to obliterate borders.”

Modern technology, such as social networking, has been used to spread information worldwide. News of the revolution in Egypt against Mubarak began with individuals who had used social networking websites to get their message across nationwide, even before any media coverage could have been done. Because any individual is able to journal or upload photos and videos on many social network websites, almost anyone can see the information being placed on those websites. Individuals in Egypt used these social networking websites; specifically “Twitter,” to spread information around the world of what was going on in their country.

These actions were considered a threat to Egypt’s national sovereignty, therefore Egypt’s government had the internet shut down. Individuals then continued to spread information by using their cell phones; sending messages to others who had access to these social networking websites to once again get their messages across to anyone outside of the country. The U.S government also used social networking to demand that U.S. reporters be released out of Egypt; before long, the reporters were released.

The relationship between Media and Sovereignty regarding their borders or boundaries is somewhat complicated. Media often challenges state power, especially now with “free flowing information” provided by the internet. Many individuals worldwide have access to “technologies of freedom” and use the internet to gain and spread information. Monroe E. Price states, “Re-regulation or the incentive to change media law and policy occurs, within a state, when the cartel of political allegiances can no longer maintains its position of civil dominance.” Therefore, individuals are given the use of modern technology, but it is usually regulated by the authorities of the state.

Assignment #2 – Media and Sovereignty

Tuesday, April 26th, 2011

In China, TV is heavily monitored by the government.  Children’s programming is especially monitored.  In China, children’s programming is extremely educational.  Even some Chinese citizens believe that the programming is to boring and no fun.  Just recently, The Kids Choice Awards, presented by Nickelodeon, was aired in China.  The Kids Choice Awards is an awards show for kids show in America.  There were many restrictions placed on Nickelodeon while airing the show.  For example, much burping and farting, which was aired on the show in America, was edited out of the program when aired in China.  Children in China are taught to act respectful at all times.  The government would not allow Chinese children to be exposed to such absurd behavior.  The children in China loved even this dulled down version of the Kids Choice Awards.  They took a strong liking to the idea of “sliming” people.  A green slime is poured on people repeatedly during the show (trademark of Nickelodeon).  However, the government and many parents were not happy about the sliming of adults on the show.  Children on the show were also featured smacking adults in the head with balloon bats.  In China, respecting elders is a strong value in their culture.  A child sliming an adult or smacking an adult in the head with a balloon bat, is seen as a sure sign of disrespect among Chinese culture.  While children in China may adore these kids of shows, Chinese government would not.

Viacom, a US company (mostly concerned with children programming), is trying to attract China’s youth with programming that is anti-authoritative.  Chinese television is completely run by the state.  This makes negotiating more challenging for foreign media companies.  Chinas government has recently been placing more restrictions on foreign media companies.  China is so appealing to international media companies because of its population

I can understand why Chinese government would be skeptical of “Western” children’s programming.  Childhood obesity is on the rise in America.  Children are always being criticized for watching too much TV in America.  Studies have shown that American TV is too violent and that children are negatively affected by television.  Maybe keeping children’s programming boring is the way to go.  Children watch less TV in China.  Programming is more educational.  Maybe Chinese government is right for not wanting to expose children to farting, burping and disrespecting elders.  In Chapter 36 of The Globalization Reader, Monroe E. Price discusses how states are responsible for protecting norms and values of its society.  Maybe by not exposing Chinese children to Western TV, the Chinese government is doing just that.

Media & Sovereignty Report

Tuesday, November 16th, 2010

From the beginning of time media’s such as radio have been utilized by the government to hold power over its domain.  With so many different types of media and all them changing it has become more and more difficult for the government to have a hold on media.  Now the government has to battle media because media isn’t controlled by government anymore.  This makes the government grow more powerless everyday.  Media outlets have always impacted the world and have always created a reaction from the government.  I believe that Internet has given the biggest effect of all to the government.  The internet gives you  information at instant speeds and it holds almost all desirable information anyone can ask for.  It has become difficult for the government to withhold information from its people.  But the government as history shows will always try to take back its control of its people.  They do this by  trying to control the information that is given to the public.  They put certain filters on what their people can see.  According to Monroe E. Price in 1997 India passed a Broadcast bill that made sure that any satellite/terrestrial/licensee didn’t broadcast any material that would offend against good taste or decency.  They then went into more detail and included anything that would likely encourage or incite to crime or to lead to disorder or to be offensive to public feeling.  India censors all types of media.  They also block anything that offends religious views and beliefs.  I believe that everyone should  have the right to watch/listen to any type of media that they chose to.  But sometimes censorship by the government isn’t a horrible thing to do.  In a way they are protecting there states people.  It would be more acceptable if the government would use this power for good.  But the only reason government want to control media is because they want to control the people and manipulate them to do whatever they see fit.

Media and Sovereignty.

Friday, November 12th, 2010

In Ch. 36, “Media and Sovereignty: The Global Information Revolution and its Challenge to State Power” by Monroe Price. Price discussed the relationship between media and sovereignty . He discussed how power technology has became over the past few decades and how media would influence a nation’s power. I believe that both the state and its population can benefit out of media. However it greatly depend on which country it is. North Korea is a great example on how a state would use technology to maintain its sovereignty and control over citizens.

North Korea, also known as Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) is a sovereign nation. DPRK has been claim to be the country with the worse human rights record of any country. DPRK ‘s government tend to be very secretive and the country itself is very isolated from the world. DPRK is a state-owned economy, almost everything is government-planned. North Korea’s media is one of the most strict government control in the world. Although North Korea provides freedom of speech and the press in their constitution, the government prohibits any expression that oppose the government and the worker’s party of Korea. No private press exists in North Korea. Economic and political problems, criticism of form of government from outside are prohibited for broadcast. The media typically report Kim Jong-il’s daily activities. Kim Jong-il. is the de facto leader of the DPRK. Kim Jong-il is refer as the “Supreme Leader” base on North Korea’s constitution. The Constitution states that the role of the press is to “ “serve the aims of strengthening the dictatorship of the proletiat, bolstering the political unity and ideological conformity of the people and rallying them behind the Party and the Great Leader in the cause of revolution.” North Koreans aren’t allow to read any foreign media and would be punish for doing so. The government uses the media to portray its country positively. The media is used to promote contrasting domestic and international motives. Most of the Korean population do not have access to the internet. Radio and TV sets are all tuned to government stations and radios must be checked and registered. It only has 12 main newspaper and 20 major periodicals. All in all, North Korea’s Media often manipulate the press to characterize type of images of North Korea to its allies and foes.

Media & Sovereignty – Soap Opera Boosts Women’s Rights in India -Yujiao Huang

Wednesday, November 10th, 2010

A few days ago, I heard a story on NPR on how the spread of satellite and cable TV increased female autonomy in India. This story demonstrated that, with the help of technology, media can help people overcome same of the cultural and historical norms in a center society that now are considered as outdated by international human rights standard.

When we usually think of India, we often regard her as the largest democratic nation in the world, certainly population wise. So naturally, for years, I assume that Indian women enjoy their freedom as much as their countrymen, at least to some comparable extend like in any other countries that call themselves democratic. Boy, I was wrong! From this program on radio I learned that the status of Indian women in rural areas is far below the status Indian men. For example, not only many Indian women there have no say in their family but also they need to obey their husband or mother-in-law on a daily basis even to the point she need their permission to go outside of the home. Most shockingly to me is the fact that, 7 out of 10 women surveyed by the study believe that this is normal, including a few female police and solider. In other words, this inequality in sex is considered as normal by both male and female members of Indian society.

Not for long! Thanks to the modern technology, nowadays “one-half of Indian households have a TV and of those two-thirds have access to cable or satellite.” And because TV watching in developing country is a more communal experience, the actual number of audience is even higher. So after watch western soap opera programs carried on TV, which usually features strong female figures like Baywatch, local people begin to change their view on the role women should play in society. It was found by the same study that village with satellite or cable TV “goes along with higher girls’ school enrollment rates” and lower acceptance of wife beating. “Within two years of getting cable or satellite, between 45 and 70 percent of the difference between urban and rural areas on these measures disappears.” That means soap opera are gradually changing what a society deemed right and acceptable.

In relation to chapter 36, Monroe Price believes that, one of the functions of the state is to safeguard the norm and value of a society. So center level of stability can be maintained. For this exact same reason, national censorship raises from the fear that their monopolies on media now is severely undermined by the new technologies like satellite TV and internet. But the norm a nation so desperately trying to protect isn’t always the one worth of the effect, like the female discrimination in India. As a woman, I am happy to see how media is bringing the light to the dark side of sovereignty like the strong female characters helped women in India begin to challenged the power relations between them and men.


1. “Soap Operas Boost Rights, Global Economist Says”

2. “Cable Television Raises Women’s Status in India”

Media and Sovereignty

Tuesday, November 9th, 2010

Recently, China accused Japan of spreading untrue statements to the media during the summit meetings. China had felt that their sovereignty and territory integrity had been violated.

A diplomat of China, Hu Zhenyue stated that the Japanese should take “full responsibility” for any problems that arise. The question behind this is, why is Japan doing this? According to Hu, the Diaoyu Islands that China has control of was the main problem. Japan tried to stir up trouble by spreading rumors through the media leading up to the summit in hopes of gaining support from other Southeast Nations. Hu felt that the rumors spread by the Japanese lead to an awkward atmosphere created between other leaders in attendance.

In relation to chapter 36, Price state, “the market is so powerful, technology so ubiquitous, that we are often reminded that the process of law making, especially in the field of media regulation, is like building castles in the sand where complex structures will be forcefully erased by an overwhelming cascade of waves”. This quote displays how powerful the media and power of the press truly is. Using media, the internet and different news forms, Japan was able to cause controversy and question China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Source: Chapter 36 – Media and Sovereignty: he Global Information Revolution and Its Challenge to State Power – By Monroe E. Price

Assignment #2 Media and Sovereignty

Tuesday, November 9th, 2010

In chapter 36, Monroe Price’s article on Media and Sovereignty speaks about how the government needs to control and regulate the power given to the media.  According to her, government should decide and put regulation on the media about its freedom of speech.  I personally don’t support Monroe Price ‘s point of view because I believe freedom of speech is very important, and that the media should be able to have their rights to exercise this power, such as speaking the truth of a situation between different issues in different countries in stead of what the government tells the media to say either false information of the truth.  The word sovereignty which is defined as, “the supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived”. For an example of media and sovereignty, I would like to draw a scenario on how government can manipulate the media on the presidential election.

During presidental elections, govenment uses the media with commercials to manipulate the people of the country by taking things out of contexts.  The government uses media to attack the other opponent by using commericials to minupulate the people of the country.  The people are very persuaded by this because people are visual learners.  This is why I think government should be detached from the media so they don’t use the media to manipulate the people of the country to false or untruthful massages/news.

Assignment Number 2

Monday, November 8th, 2010

In chapter 36; Media and Sovereignty Monroe E. Price speaks about the role of media and how government has to put regulation on the media so they do not over power the government or the economy. With this idea we, as a society are able to see and maintain order, like the chain of commands. The government is at the top of the chain and every one knows that, and most will not go against what their government says. It’s not that people fear the government; it’s just that society knows that the government is extremely powerful, and government will do what they have to in order to maintain their appearance as powerful. Technology and the spread of technology were spoken about throughout this article. With every new type of technology that is established, the government has to have a say in what is aloud to be out there and easily searched. The web is easily accessible to anyone in the world and our government doesn’t want erroneous material spreading across the globe, especially if it will cause panic to the society.

In today’s society it seems as if almost everyone relies on the internet. We are attached to our phones, which now have the capability of being on face book all day every day. A few years ago Myspace was the “big thing”, everyone has one and if you were on someone’s “Top 5”, well you were just cool. There was a young girl; Megan Meier’s (13 years old) who committed suicide due to bulling through Myspace. What shocked me the most was the reason she killed herself is because a boy who had been leading her on no longer liked her and said crude things to her via the internet. The upsetting fact is, the boy wasn’t a boy, and it was an adult pretending to be a boy to get back at young Megan for a fall out between her daughter and Megan. This woman was able to make an account through My Space and harass her and nothing was said, there was no verification to make sure that this was a real person and there was no filtering of content through the Myspace creator. After word got out the Meier family organized a lawsuit; the culprit (Ms. Drew) was put on trial under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, something only previously used against computer hackers but the only law in Missouri that the prosecutors could take her to court for.

To me there need to be more laws enforced, especially when young teens are able to surf the web. We hear it too many times, teens are being taken advantage of; this was only one case that concerned me. There are also pedophiles that prey on naive young teens who chat in chat rooms. Although there are always new laws being enforced in our society involving the internet, I truly feel that if you are under a certain age, whatever activity you are working on, on the internet should somehow be filtered. There are too many loophole that let these people get away with really harsh crimes, or what should be labeled as a crime.

Media Censorship in Rwanda- Assignment #2- Anthony Mendola

Sunday, November 7th, 2010

Monroe Price’s article on Media and Sovereignty speaks about how the government needs to regulate the power given to the media. This creates a sense of order and security. The government doesn’t want to be viewed as weak in the eyes of its people. As more technological advances occur and media is spread on different frontiers, the government must constantly monitor the information being fed to its people. The internet is one of the hardest forms of media to control to date. With new technologies like blogging and twitter, it is very easy for information and conspiracy theories to spread globally.

Although, many believe that the government shouldn’t censor media, there are some instances where they should. Recently during the presidential election in Rwanda, their government silenced independent media. They had a legitimate reason too ever since the 1994 Rwandan genocide where hate media played a big role. Radio and newspaper journalists had spread false hatred which led to 800,000 being slaughtered. A week prior to the August 2010 election, the Rwandan government banned 30 radio and newspapers. I believe that instead of totally censoring all media, they should guarantee freedom of the press while still protecting its people from violence.  By totally shutting out the media and not letting people voice their opinions will cause resentment among Rwandans.

Control Over Media in Cuba: assignment 2

Saturday, November 6th, 2010

I think every society, whether communist, democratic, has a fear of rivalry from its citizens. Even though it is much less likely to occur in the US due to our “democratic” state, some of us do feel there is a sense of corruption going on around us. From globalization, a lot of new innovations are coming about, such as new media/technology. Due to globalization, media can now be reported across seas, and then delivered at the same time to us here in America. In a way it is positive because we are able to see what is going on anywhere across the world, but for some places, the spread of media has actually led to having more control from the government.
For instance, Cuba. There are many educational shows, all with a patriotic tendency. There are many Cuban soap operas, but you can tell they are very controlled by the government, as they all send subliminal messages for the youth of Cuba. You can tell that a lot of information is censored or even modified. It is illegal for Cubans to have computers or internet access in their homes unless for work authorized by the government. One Cuban even stated “We are living in a bubble. Most people know it, but can’t do anything about it.”
In Cuba, because of the history of tensions with the U.S., any form of dissent, including opposition publications are immediately accused of being U.S. conspiracies against the Cuban government. The US tries to set up radio stations in Florida Keys to stream to Cubans, but it is illegal and very hard to do.
Anti-government propaganda and the insulting of officials leads to up to three years in prison. Private ownership of electronic media is prohibited by the constitution, and foreign news agencies must hire local journalists only through government offices.
I can not imagine living in a world where my media is completley controlled by the government and I am being treated like a robot. Nothing is streamed/limited for our view. We can read online conspiracies about our own country. Many people say our government is corrupt, which I agree to an extent, but I think if it was truly corrupt then it would try to censor and hide every website that defies them.
In conclusion, media has transformed due to globalization, and some places benefit from it and, and other places try to limit the media that their citizens will see.