Globalization: Social & Geographic Perspectives

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Debating Globalization (Blog 1)

February 10th, 2011 · 3 Comments
Feb 8/Debating Globalization

Throughout Chapters 1 and 2 of The Globalization Reader by Lechner and Boli, the authors discuss the diverse views towards globalization. Even though the authors believe that globalization is beneficial to those involved, many argue the contrary. Because globalization is often associated with the West, one may fear the process and outcome of globalization involving one’s nation.

According to the authors, globalization benefits everyone. Producers have a greater selection of the tools they need along with a free market to sell what they produce. Consumers benefit due to having an affordable variety of goods to choose from. Therefore, the power of the government is limited allowing free trade for everyone; “freedom to define our own identities.”

The process of globalization has positively contributed to many nations throughout the world. According to the authors, globalization has contributed to travel, trade, the spread of cultural influences, knowledge, and the understanding of science and technology around the world. Even though globalization is beneficial to many, there is also plenty of room for improvement.

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3 responses so far ↓

  • 1    dianab // Feb 10, 2011 at 12:03 pm

    Globalization definitely increases cultural dispersion. I believe we see the positive effects most easily in industrialized nations like ours – for example, hitting the city for sushi is a result of globalization. In developing countries however, globalization is taking a more sinister form. Take for example the domination of McDonalds in the global market. The food may be fast and cheap, but it is exceptionally unhealthy and displaces traditional cultural and regional eateries (such as “mom&pop shops”).

  • 2    Prof. Hala // Feb 18, 2011 at 2:05 pm

    Good, well-written post. You capture the “gist” of the arguments on globalization from Micklethwait & Wooldridge (Ch 1) and Sen (Ch 2). They’re basically defending globalization against the more simplistic criticisms of hardcore opponents. But I don’t think either M&W or Sen would state “globalization benefits everyone.” That’s not really the basis of their respective defenses of globalization. M&W say it benefits *enough of us* to make it worthwhile and Sen admires its potential, but says that the “central issue” is the “unequal sharing of the benefits of globalization.” We will revisit these questions when we discuss economic globalization in a few weeks.

  • 3    Prof. Hala // Feb 18, 2011 at 2:07 pm

    And great point, Diana. We’ll get to the question of whether American fast food is displacing local cuisine/culture next week!

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