In chapter 50 “Rio Declaration on Environmental and Development”, has talked about the UN Conference on Environmental and Development which has held at Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992. Environment is a huge issue right now in current Globalization context. As we all are being cautious about environment and global warming issues, we are not more concern about the environmental issues of other countries as well as our owns.
If we look at those principal we can see how much the conference put importance on the environmental issues and social issues. According to principal 1, 3, 4 the conference is talking about how human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development, the right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations, and in order to achieve it environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and can not be considered in isolation from it. So, we can see how much the environment influence the globalization in present days world. In this case, I’d say USA has its law about excessive pollution whereas China, and India don’t have such law. So, they are continuously producing wastage and pollution which not only effecting those countries but also affecting the whole world.
So environmental development indeed is very important not only for the state itself but also globally it is equally important.
In chapter 53, The Amungme, Kamoro & Freeport talks about how indigenous Papuans have resisted the world’s largest gold and copper mine. In order to fight local Papuan resistance in obscurity, the Indonesian government has vigorously obstructed international scrutiny of human rights conditions in the Freeport COW areas. It has repeatedly blocked access by human rights monitors, including the U.N. working group on Arbitrary Detention, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Woman and a joint NGO Indonesian-international independent assessment team. So, we see how COW’s freeport’s included torture, rape, forced resettlement of communities and destruction of housing, churches, and other shelters. Some of this violations- such as those caused by environmental destruction- are the by-products of Freeport’s mining operations. I agree with the author/narrator of this article and see how economic development is also putting an influence in social development as well. The social conditions in many countries has fallen apart with major violence and criminal activities with these economic development movement.
In conclusion, I believe economic development is equally important as the social situation of that country as well. With globalization we became more concern about environmental safety and how one country’s pollution effect all the other countries in the world. Specially the emerging countries who does not follow their environmental condition cause of their economic development. So, social development is also equally important as environmental development.