Three sources of tension spoken about in chapter 28 are; Reduced barriers to trade and investment accentuate the asymmety between groups that can cross international borders and those that can not. This category mostly involves the upper skilled working class. They have to meet work damands and fight for wages. The second is GL engenders conflicts within and between nations over domestic and the cosial institutions that embody them. As one econmy (who has advancemnts in techonoligy) increases, other economies who have different vaules and ideeas start tocompete to keep up with the market. GL is able to spread trade across the world with different levels of development. The third would be, GL has made it exceedingly difficult for government to provide social insurance- one of their central functions and one that has helped maintain social cohesion and domestic political support for ongoing liberalization throughout the power period. Governments have been very invovled in using their power to protect domestic groups from market risks which could potentially lead to disaster. The government is the only people who play a role in protecting groups. The family, rekigious groups and the surroundign community help with insurance.
Policymakerrs sort out economic and social objectives, free trade policies are not automatically entitled to first priority. To get rid of social concerns one hundred percent to male liberalization a priority doesnt make sense. now, tariff and no tarrif trade products are at a lower level, this is the effect of multilateral trade liberalization.
In chapter 34 they talk about power shift. It starts out stating that the end of the cold war didnt bring adjustment but it redistibuted power among states, markets and cicil society. National government is now sharing powers such as political, social and security roles. Wars will never dissapear, but they and nuclear arsenals will fade. NGO’s are quicker than government to respond to new demands and opportunities, whether it be poor or rich society (depending on the funding that is).