Fundamentalism is fashionable- as a problem for social analysis more than as a form of religious faith and activism. To be sure, the reemergence of a certain kind of religious traditionalism in the public arenas of some countries was sufficiently surprising justify a major scholarly effort to account for it. These are the words have written by Frank J. Lechner at his “Global Fundamentalism” article. The other article which I will also talk about is “Obedience versus Autonomy: Women and Fundamentalism in Iran and Pakistan” by Shahla Haeri.
First, lets talk about Global Fundamentalism, the changing global condition not only becomes a context and target of fundamentalism, but also serves as its primary precipitating factor. Yet apart from globally induced variations in the strength of fundamentalism, the very attempt to restore a effort among the others to preserve or achieve a certain cultural authenticity in the face of a greedy, universalizing global culture. I agree with author that fundamentalism has became a global category, it has also became the symbol in a global discourse about the shape of the world. The future of fundamentalism is closely linked to the future of modernity. At 21st century global fundamentalism is connecting with global culture and adopting the cultures from other region.
The second topic is obedience versus autonomy. Lets look at Iran and Pakistan how, the society has adopted Islamic fundamentalism and how it has affect the women of those countries. In those countries, the Islamic leaders referred to the sources, to the Qur’an and Sunna of the Prophet Muhammad, to find an “Islamic rationale” for such adoptions, and an “Islamic methodology” to implement them. But this has drawn many controversial views. Many believes that men in those countries have used and still using these methodology and has mixed with their ideology to obtain control the women and keep them obedient towards the men. It has also limit the rights of women in many ways.
So we see, how even religion is also has major impact in our cultural and globalization. Cultures are different from each other not only cause the geographical location but also the religious believes, and fundamentalism plays a part in it.