I’ve taken the liberty of posting Anuj’s memo on Debating Globalization (copying and pasting it from Blackboard). One reason is that I need some “test” posts to make sure my categorization system is working and this one was the first one I read. The other reason is that it’s an excellent memo that can serve as a model for others who aren’t quite sure about the expectations for this assignment.
Anuj, I hope you don’t mind! (And when you have a chance, please try posting this to your own blog, once it’s created.)
Jihad vs. McWorld by Benjamin Barber
In this chapter the author Benjamin Barber talks about the differences and similarities between Jihad and McWorld. He talks about how one needs the other. Jihad means the Islamic term for a religious duty to Muslims. Some refer to Jihad as declaring holy war on others as some debate it means struggle for Muslims. McWorld refers to the new technology, and ecological forces such as MTV, McDonalds, music having spread to different cultures. The author discusses how both factors need each other for one to survive. A person declaring Jihad listens to music and makes music which they can add messages to relating to other members in their group or also new technology such as weapons which help them when sniping someone. The author states “Jihad not only revolts against but abets McWorld, while McWorld not only imperils but re-creates and reinforces Jihad.” By this he is saying they both operate with equal strength by one driven by parochial hatreds, and the other by universalizing markets. Jihad forges communities with blood and hatred and war, and McWorld forges the markets in other countries in consumption of goods and profits which later affects the public interests. I believe and agree with the author that both Jihad and McWorld go with each other. McWorld produces the economy even though it leads to shortages of supplies which later on develop fraud materials. In today’s world we can buy fake Coach bags, fake sneakers, which affects the producers and the real companies. Having both of these factors is like living two lives.
The Clash of Civilizations? By Samuel P. Huntington
According to the author he states his hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in the new world which is today will not be ideological or economic related issues, but it will be among humankind and clashes of culture conflicts. Nation states will still be on top and powerful while the smaller groups will starts the clashes. Clashes will occur because of the difference in cultures, traditions, languages, and religion. Every religion has its own beliefs and practices which they try to implement and spread to different societies and if that society does not accept it, hatred develops. Every culture thinks they are right and should practice the same way. Majority of Muslims believe everyone should have faith in Islam. Majority of American believes everyone should have faith in Jesus, Majority of Hindus believes everyone should have faith in Shiva and majority of Asians believe everyone should have faith in the Buddha. These differences between religions affect the economic development in other countries. For example one might stop doing business or trades with another country and another might stop producing goods for another country. The Western civilizations are having a big impact on cultures because of their western practices being spread. For example like the factor in chapter 4 McWorld, of fast foods, clothing, music, etc.